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118LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNECCASCameroon is also a member of ECCAS created on 18 October 1983 in Libreville (Gabon), in implementation of the recommendations of the plan action of Lagos (Nigeria), April 1980, rela- ting to a gradual establishment of an African common market. Other members are: Angola, Burundi, Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, CAR, DRC, Sao Tome and Principe, and Chad.One of the main concerns of the ECCAS consists in promoting free movement of persons within its space, a battle which is far from being won.Besides, it’s expected of some Member States to ratify and adhere to the cooperation and legal assistance agreement between the ECCAS’s Member States; to ratify or adhere to the coopera- tion agreement in matters of criminal police; to create systematic ECCAS entrance halls in airports and border inspection posts and make them opera- tional; to communicate between each other and the secretariat general, their national legal and regula- tory acts relating to approved border crossings.A POLICY OF NEIGHBOURLINESSThe preamble to the Constitution asserts Cameroon’s will to "Have with other nations of the world peaceful and brotherly relationship". President Paul Biya on his part repeatedly stressed his commitment to peace, convinced that it is inse- parable from domestic stability and development.These statements are the basis of the good neigh- borliness policy that the Government of Yaounde practices with neighbouring countries. Given the geographical position of Cameroon, the policy also responds to a necessity. A significant part of foreign trade of Chad and CAR passes indeed through Cameroon.Another example is provided by the Doba-Kribi pipeline construction to convey oil from southern Chad. Trade with Gabon and Congo Brazzaville is also a factor of stability in relations- hips between the countries concerned. Except for cross-border banditry concerns with Chad and the CAR, the relationships between Cameroon and its six neighbours do not pose major pro- blems. Relations between Yaoundé and Abuja, which were strained because of the occupation of Bakassi by the Nigerian army, are in a gra- dual normalization process since the return of the peninsula to the motherland.BAKASSI, A RETURN TO THE MOTHERLANDPursuant to the judgment of the International Court of Justice on 10 October 2002 and in accordance with the Greentree Agreement (United States) of 12 June 2006, the double ceremony of withdrawal of Nigerian forces from Bakassi and the transfer of authority over the peninsula to Cameroon took place August 14, 2008 in Calabar (Nigeria). With the handover ceremony, we can say that the border dispute ofCameroon is strongly involved in the African Union’s actions for the promotion of peace and security in Africa


































































































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