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the Bakassi peninsula between Cameroon and Nigeria now belongs to the past. The outcome is the result of a shared commitment between Yaoundé and Abuja to preserve and consolidate the solidarity and good neighborliness in the context of a community of interest and destiny.However, the leaders of the two countries cannot afford to rest on their laurels as it is true that peace in Bakassi as elsewhere is an ongoing quest, a work never completed. In this respect, the “After Calabar” calls for a strengthening of trade and cooperation between Yaoundé and Abuja. Fully aware of the fact that borders do not constitute sufficient grounds for confrontation bet- ween African countries already experiencing the pangs of poverty and disease, Cameroon and Nigeria are now facing their new challenges.New projects: Intensifying and strengthening bilateral cooperation, opening a new chapter in the pediment of the long-standing friendship that binds the two friendly and brotherly countries are high in the list of the projects to be carried out. And again, no one should be fooled. The battle is not a foregone conclusion. Instead, the task is arduous and the road full of pitfalls. Yet it is a requirement, the pathway to the guarantee of a better future for Africa.A MODEL OF CONFLICT SETTLEMENTThe Nigerian withdrawal from Bakassi Peninsula is a victory of law and diplomacy over strength. It is an example that is gaining ground; it givesPresident Paul Biya and his Gabonese counterpart Ali Bongoconcrete expression to the determination of Presidents Olusegun Obasanjo and Paul Biya to work for a full implementation of the judgment of the International Court of Justice. With the with- drawal of Nigerian troops from Bakassi, Abuja implemented an outstanding act of trust that should usher in a new era of peace and coope- ration between the two capitals. Bakassi that was for many years a bone of contention between Nigeria and Cameroon has become a strong symbol of peace and brotherhood.In addition to the withdrawal of Abuja’s troops from the peninsula of Bakassi, it should be noted that two important milestones were reached in the process of normalization between Cameroon and Nigeria. In 2003 and 2004, the withdrawal of public services, armed forces and police as well as the transfer of authority took place in the Lake Chad area where 33 villages were transferred from Nigeria to Cameroon, and 3 from Cameroon to Nigeria. As for the delimitation work of the land border of 1600 km long, from Lake Chad to the Bakassi Peninsula, it has started and is going on with the financial and technical support from partners of Abuja and Yaoundé.PAUL BIYA, THE PEACE OPTIONThroughout the border dispute settlement process between Nigeria and Cameroon, President Paul Biya was able to keep cool, even when spirits were warmed as aftermath of the invasion of the peninsula of Bakassi by the Nigerian army. Although the territorial sovereignty of CameroonLES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN119

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