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120was infringed upon, Paul Biya opted for a pea- ceful settlement. His approach was based on the fact that everything is settled with time. The Head of State of Cameroon who is favourable to pea- ceful solution by nature even ventured to take action against a fringe of national opinion, playing the card of international law against that of armed confrontation. The accuracy of this choice is today evidenced.President Paul Biya certainly played a key role in the peaceful implementation of the verdict of the International Court of Justice, but one should point out that it may not have been easy to reach the current result without unequivocal commitment of President Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria and the personal involvement of UN Secretary- General Kofi Annan during the process. The action of these three individuals is in a synergy involving the United States, France, Britain and Germany.A CAMEROON-NIGERIA JOINT COMMITTEE AT WORKAs an innovative approach in the resolution of conflicts between States, the Joint Committee Nigeria- Cameroon allowed both states to main- tain between each other dialogue opportunity to interact and gradually overcome obstacles to the implementation of the ICJ judgment with the sup- port of the United Nations. Chaired by Special Representative of the Secretary General of the World Organization, Ahmedou Ould Abdallah, the Joint Commission Nigeria-Cameroon was mandated to cover the following aspects:• Delimitation of the land boundary between the two countries, besides the demilitarization of the Bakassi peninsula;• Withdrawal of civil services, armed forces and police; and transfer of authority in the involved areas located along the border;• Protection of the rights of the involved popula- tions of the two countries as well as the reactiva- tion of the Committee on Lake Chad Basin;• Development of projects to promote joint eco- nomic ventures between the two countries and cross-border cooperation.To achieve these objectives, the Commission established a sub-committee for delimitation assis- ted by a technical team and a sub-committee for involved populations as well as various ad hoc working groups on the Bakassi peninsula and the maritime boundary.A monitoring staff responsible to follow up the imple- mentation of the withdrawal of departments and help delimitation operations was also established.After the withdrawal of Nigerian troops from Bakassi and transfer of authority to Cameroon, Yaoundé faces two major challenges: Developing the peninsula by building roads, schools, health facilities and preserving peace among Cameroonians and Nigerians who have chosen to continue living in the area. With regards to this, it should be recalled that during the signing of the Greentree Agreement,President Paul Biya, on official visit in Nigeria in May 2016, is received by Nigerian counterpart Muhammadu BuhariLES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN


































































































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