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121Cameroon committed to ensuring to Nigerian nationals their fundamental rights and freedoms as enshrined in International Law.CAMEROON AND THE FRANCOPHONIEAs part of its policy of opening up to the interna- tional community, Cameroon, associate member of the Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT) since 1975, became on the 19th November 1991, under the impetus of the Head of State, HE Paul Biya, a member of the Francophone family.Since then, Cameroon has been maintaining a consistent relationship with the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) at political, economic, social, cultural and technological levels. At political level, unlike other francophone countries in Africa, Cameroon joined the Francophonie rela- tively late. This is justified by domestic policy and balance between the two major national language communities (French and English).Since its joining to the OIF, Cameroon has parti- cipated at the highest level to all summits of the Francophonie, also called Summits of the Heads of State and Government of countries sharing French language; all ministerial and sectional conferences (Youth and Sports, Education, Higher Education and Research, justice, communication).At institutional level, cooperation between Cameroon and the Francophonie is dense. As to the parliamentary aspect, Cameroon has hosted 3 sessions of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Francophonie in 1998, 2007 and 2013. On that last occasion, Cameroon equally hosted the XXITH regional assembly of the APF for Africa. In support for the democratic process, the OIF has sent election observation missions in the context of the presidential, legislative and municipal elec- tions of 1997, 2004, 2011 and 2013.The International Association of Francophone Mayors (AIMF) contributes to capacity building for authorities and local councillors, as well as the development of health infrastructures and environmental governance. Moreover, the OIF gives support to the Council of Decentralization (equipment and training of staffs in results-based management); to the modernization of municipal services of civil status and to local authorities’ finances (budget management of the appropria- tor of funds and payroll) in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé.Concerning justice, the OIF supports, among other things, the project to develop the national planning for the modernization of justice system in Cameroon, the creation of a national commit- tee for the dissemination of law, the creation of a legal computerized database programme “col- lection, management and dissemination of law” (COGEDI), the implementation of continuing edu- cation in human rights, rule of law and humanita- rian law in the University of Dschang, in partner- ship with the University of Evry in France.CAMEROON AND THE COMMONWEALTHThe political partnership between Cameroon and the Commonwealth is based on the shared concern of the Commonwealth and national authorities to impregnate our political reforms with the spirit of provisions of the Harare Declaration in 1991, which could be summed up in two points:n Democracy, based on the principle of separation of powers;n Respect for human rights and freedoms.The Commonwealth’s code of practice for a constructive partnership became famous through its close involvement in the national process of democratization. That’s how teams of election observers from the Commonwealth participated in most of elections in Cameroon since 1995: the 1994 legislative election, the 2004 and 2011 presidential elections, the 2002, 2007 and 2013 (September 30) double legislative and municipal elections.In this momentum, President Paul Biya created on December 14, 2002, the Cameroon and Commonwealth presidential commission onPresident Paul Biya and Guinean counterpart, Mr. Teodoro Obiang NguemaLES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN

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