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157TransportsINTRODUCTIONThe transport sector plays a leading role in the Cameroonian economy. It accounts for about 10% of the gross domestic product (GDP), 9.3% of the foreign trade, 14.7% of intermediate consumption and more than 65 000 direct jobs. Its importance in the national and sub-regional economy is growing.ROAD TRANSPORTIn 2015, as part of road the safety emergency plan, some permanent missions of control, awa- reness and curbing were conducted with a sup- port by security forces to combat criminal acts (speeding, overloading, cell phone and blood alcohol while driving). The number of the traffic accidents has decreased from 2,954 in 2013 to 2,682 in 2015. The checks revealed that almost half of the vehicles taken in for questioning are in breach of the law, which led to the suspension of several drivers’ licences.Other actions for remediation in the sector were taken, including compliance monitoring of opera- ting conditions for travel agencies, driving schools and vehicle testing centres and, driving licence securing.IIn order to enhance road safety, the actions car- ried out included:• Audits of operating conditions of 300 travel agencies out of the 348 that exist and vehicle testing centres;• Publication, following an audit, of a list of 166 out of 442 driving schools authorized to train and present candidates for the examination ses- sions of driving licences;• Working out a handbook to the driver educa- tion programme;• The purchase of five cranes (two 20-ton, two 10-ton and a 4-ton) to remove barriers and vehi- cles illegally parked on some major roads;• Regular monitoring of speed limitation and blood alcohol levels on urban and interurban roads by using radars and breathalyzer;• Awareness campaigns in the riparian localities of major roads, and schools and universities, as well;• Production and distribution of bilingual road safety messages in the media;• Identification and reduction of hazardous loca- tions which cause traffic accidents.LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN

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