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167PORT OF DOUALAFor now, it represents more than 90% of domes- tic maritime traffic with more than 11 million tons in 2015, of which 75% tones under import, and 25 tons for export. About 3,300 ships land there over the year, among which nearly 1200 involving foreign sea-going; the remaining other 2100 ships under coastal shipping and fishing. At about 50 km from the Atlantic Ocean, the port of Douala has a few limitations, among others, low port capacity (7m of draught, high level of port congestion), longer containers tran- sition time in comparison with similar countries. Besides, excessive downtime of ships, delays due to port congestion and duration of stay of the containers at the port increase transport costs, and determine therefore the choice of docking of a ship. Thus, the port of Kribi came to being in order that port capacity would improve in Cameroon.DEEP WATER PORT OF KRIBIIt is built on a 26,000-hectare site. It has a gene- ral port with a draught of 16m, which will include a container terminal of 400,000 TEU from its first phase, and 800,000 TEU eventually; an aluminium terminal (1.5 million tons of alumina and 1.5 million tons of various inputs); a hydrocarbon terminal (3 million tons) and; a general-purpose computer terminal (2 to 3 million tons).In addition, there shall be a transshipment trade (200,000 TEU). The ore tanker landing stage is allowed to ensure 35 million tons of iron ore pass in transit each year. Also, there is traffic of 3.5 million m3 liquefied natural gas (SNH/GDF- Suez Project) and a 2-million tons of export alu- mina (CAM Alumina Project), which are being announced.Locally therefore, the deep-water port of Kribi is manifestly a facilitation lever for hydrocarbons, bauxite and iron exports. One of a kind, having a draught of 16.1 m (beyond the 14.5 m norm), the port of Kribi gives the possibility even to the largest ships to draw alongside, which is an undeniable advantage given the fact that the future of business in maritime transport is resolu- tely turned towards high-belaying ships.It will, to some degree fill the inadequacies observed in the port of Douala as indicated in the table above. However, the location of the port of Kribi with respect to the industrial pole of Cameroon, that is Douala, will give cause for arbitration in the choice made by enterprises for the port, in particular in matter of transport cost. For this reason, trunk roads should necessarily be developed between Kribi and Douala so as to facilitate the traffic and reduce transport costs.Comparison betweenthe Douala and Kribi port capacitiesSPECIFICITIESDraughtSurface areaContainerized capacityQuay lengthDOUALA9 m1000 ha200 000 TEU600 mKRIBI16.1 m26 000 ha400 000 TEU700 mA view of the new deep-water port in KribiAUTONOMOUS PORT OF LIMBEIt is a seaport with a 12-metre draught to deve- lop. It has a railway network, four berths, two coastal lighthouses and warehouses.AUTONOMOUS PORT OF GAROUAIt is an inland port, still to be developed.RIVER AND LAKE TRANSPORTRiver and lake transports are strongly develo- ped in areas where rivers and lakes are naviga- ble. They therefore constitute the prime transport means to populations’ mobility in these areas as well as the only way for them to transport their goods. But this transport means is still plagued by poor docking, loading and unloading, lack of fitted out quays conditions, which cause most of time considerable deterioration and loss of ware.LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN

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