Page 175 - Atouts-Cameroun-2017
P. 175

175Posts and TelecommunicationsINTRODUCTIONIn his New Year message to the nation on 31 December 2015, the President of the Republic Paul Biya instructed the government to speed up the implementation of the preconditions for Cameroon’s industrialization.The necessary conditions are: the development of communication and telecommunications infra- structures. In the latter area, Cameroon urgently has to catch up its delay in digital economy deve- lopment. This is a real growth driver, in addition to being a real niche of new jobs for the youth. The country must be able to fully derive the cor- responding benefit therefrom.BUILDING A DIGITAL CAMEROONThe anchoring of President Paul Biya’s vision of making Cameroon an emerging country must be translated into the sub-sector of telecommunications/ICT, by the development of infrastructures devoted to make it a digital country by 2035.To build a digital Cameroon, the government is therefore committed to build sea-cables head- ends, choosing the country may enter various consortiums.Thus, Cameroon renegotiated its partnership with the SAT-3 and entered into negotiations to become a member of the WACS (West Africa Cable System), ACE (Africa Coast to Europe) and the Main One, to build head-ends of their cables along the maritime front, the ultimate goal being to increase the access to undersea cables capacities up to 3 Tbits/S3.EXPANDINGTHE OPTICAL FIBRE BACKBONETo date, the linear length has grown to more than 10 000 km, crossing the country from North to South and East to West, with entrances towards neighboring countries: Chad, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, CAR and Nigeria. However, it remains largely under Cameroon’s needs, whose ambi- tions "of digital facilities" demand to have by 2020 over 20,000 km of optical fibre, creating a network in the entire country.As part of the implementation of the broadband network, the government received from Eximbank China in July 2012, a preferential credit to carry out the programme NBN (National Broadband Network). The programme is organized around five projects.LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN

   173   174   175   176   177