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18LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNcolleges. ARCAM was replaced by the Territorial Assembly of Cameroon (ATCAM) in 1952, which itself later became the Legislative Assembly of Cameroon (ALCAM) in 1956.UNITED NATIONS TRUSTEESHIPAfter the setting up of the United Nations Organization in 1945, former colonies are now under the supervision of the Trusteeship Council whose duty is to lead them through the indepen- dence process.CAMEROON UNDER FRENCH TRUSTEESHIPIn 1957, the pace of events is quickening in Cameroon history. Pursuant to Gaston Deferre framework Law on 23rd June 1956, a French Order on 16th April 1957 set up Cameroon as self-governing State under French trusteeship.The status changed from trust territory to trust State. Henceforth, Cameroon citizenship is reco- gnized. The High Commissioner, Pierre Messmer, acting as Head of State, appointed Andre Marie Mbida prime Minister. The latter was invested by the Legislative Assembly of Cameroon on 10th May 1957. Then 10th May becomes the natio- nal day. ALCAM also chose the flag (Green-Red- Yellow), National Anthem “O Cameroon, Thou Cradle of our Fathers” and motto of the country “Peace-Work-Fatherland”.In January 1958, the High Commissioner Messmer is replaced by Mr. Jean Ramadier. Following a conflict between the newly appoin- ted French representative and Prime MinisterMemorial of the place of the independence in YaoundéAndre Marie Mbida, the latter resigned on 13th January 1958. He is replaced on 18th January by Ahmadou Ahidjo, former Deputy Prime Minister in charge of Internal Affairs. On 12th June 1958, ALCAM voted for complete self- governing, which will be granted Cameroon on 1st January 1959 by France.Still in 1958, on 13th September, Ruben Um Nyobe, one of the architects of Cameroon’s inde- pendence and Secretary General of a bannedSignature and Day celebration of India pendance of Cameroon on January 1st, 1960

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