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political party, UPC (Cameroon People’s Union), unable make an armistice agreement with French Government, was killed in Libel Li NgoÏ “maquis” near Boumnyebel in Sanaga Maritime Division. However, the rebellion movement conti- nued after his death, considering many Cameroonian nationalists’ conviction to stand victoriously against French troops in Cameroon like in Bien Phu (Indochina) or Algeria.The repeated coming of Cameroonian delega- tions before the United Nations General Assembly to plead for or against immediate independence of the country was the prevailing attraction of the year 1959. Finally, on 12th March 1959, the United Nations General Assembly Trusteeship Commission voted 56 against 9, and 16 abstentions, the abrogation of trusteeship agreement. On 1st January 1960, Cameroon attained independence after a brave fight and became Republic of Cameroon. The country is immediately accepted into the UN.INDEPENDENCEAs soon as Cameroon gained independence, the country set legal framework for modern State. On 21st February 1960, a draft constitution is submitted to a popular referendum and approved by 797,498 votes for, and 531,075 against. The constitution, enacted on 4th March 1960, is characterized by a specific parliamentary system where the Government is responsible before the Assembly and the President of the Republic.On 5th May 1960, Mr. Ahmadou Ahidjo is elected President of the Republic of Cameroon. On 16th May, Charles Assale is appointed Prime Minister.CAMEROON UNDER BRITISH TRUSTEESHIPCameroon under British trusteeship, although having a Legislative Assembly created in 1954, was totally submitted to the administration plan of the Republic of Nigeria. This part of the country voted for continuation of trusteeship on 7th November 1959 through a plebiscite.A second consultation, under the auspices of the UN was held on 11th February1961. The Southern Cameroon under British trusteeship, led by Prime Minister John Ngu Foncha, chose indepen- dence and union with the Republic of Cameroon during a referendum with an overwhelming majo- rity of 233.571 votes for, and 97.741 against.In the Northern Cameroon under British trustees- hip, 60% voters opted for union with Nigeria. This percentage was not apparently obtained through normal procedure and it sparked off various discussions and claims. Nevertheless, on 1st June 1961, Northern Cameroon is uni- ted to Nigeria.FEDERAL STATEOn October 1961, Southern “British” Cameroon known as West Cameroon and the Republic of Cameroon joined and became the Federal Republic of Cameroon.The monument reunification to YaoundéLES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN19


































































































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