Page 203 - Atouts-Cameroun-2017
P. 203

Another contribution of MINDCAF in the improve- ment of the housing in Cameroon consists of the development of state allotments. That is how allot- ments of 1,000 hectares have been made avai- lable in 24 divisions in Cameroon.It is clear that the provision of space and the creation of allotments are all assets put in place by the MINDCAF, as part of the execution of the important social housing project initiated by the Head of State, within the framework of the vision for an emerging Cameroon by 2035.REORGANIZATION OF THE STATE HERITAGEIt must be acknowledged that the problems rela- ted to the management of the public domain are numerous and worrying. Recently, the 6th annual conference of the heads of central and external services of MINDCAF, was held in Yaoundé in connection with the issue. The topic is highly challenging, and the public authorities are deter- mined to tackle the problem. During the above- mentioned work, there was talk of discussing the general theme of the meeting: “Protection and enhancement of the Public Domain.”Protecting the Public Domain, one agrees, is first to estimate it, without what it is, and in what state it is. Knowing that it is at the same time the road, port, airport and maritime space, we should reco- gnize that the listing is not an easy task. Especially when we know that even the movable, real estate and land assets of the State - coastal area, arid zones and wetlands - must also be visible.The listing is an arduous task, but it is essential in view of the numerous abuses observed. For, experience has shown that the uncontrolled andMINCAF is a pillar in the execution of social housing programmesunauthorized occupation of road, railway and other right-of-ways act as many brakes to the valuation of the Public Domain. Spoliations and other abuses to the detriment of the State must be stopped for good. It falls on the MINDCAF to say and repeat the role and responsibility of the State in the management of this heritage, to make it clear once again that the public domain conce- ded, and also to discuss how best to protect the public buildings.This is all the more urgent and important as the pro- blems related to state, land and cadastral issues are crucial and create enduring conflicts that impo- verish the State and men and involve lives.What should we do to fully protect the Public Domain? The task was proved delicate, given the situation that prevailed for years. Was it necessary to punish only the crooked civil ser- vants, surveyors and other solicitors who were often accomplices? Clear off the people with all one’s might - mostly poor people - in search of a roof in marshy areas? Release the right-of- ways by force? Admittedly, the unauthorized occupation of the Public Domain sometimes curbs many projects and even puts at risk the illegal occupants. But the authorities equally have a duty to act in the interests of all. Raising awareness, challenging, auditing and control- ling seems to be their modus operandi.The Ministry of Lands, Survey and State Property saw in it a new opportunity, the possibility of a new start for a more scientific, managerial, coherent, rational and better planned manage- ment of the dependencies of Public Domain in Cameroon nLES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN203

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