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in Yaoundé. In April 1984, the death throes of political crisis occurred when members of the presidential guard who tried to capture the palace were defeated and killed by the loyalists on 6th and 7th April.The political view of Paul Biya is captured in his political essay entitled “Communal Liberalism” published in Marcel Fabre Editions, Lausanne in 1987. In the book, President Paul Biya announ- ced the establishment of multiparty system and explained his choice of economic liberalism and private initiative while advocating national, fair distribution of the fruits of growth, social justice and emergence of culture based on inventiveness and harmonious coexistence of values specific to various communities which make up a Nation. Moreover, the book translated from French into English, German and Hebrew reasserted the need to modernize the State and to cooperate with other countries of the world. This view, visi- bly, will also lead to riots and suffering.Among others, the new trend dwells on the idea of initiating legislative elections in 1983 with several candidates so as to bring variety likely to better represent the “real nation” within political arena; Creation of CPDM (Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement) on 24th March 1985 in Bamenda; enactment on 19th December 1990 of the law relating to political parties and asso- ciations, which restored multiparty system in Cameroon after 24 years of single party system. The election of Paul Biya as President of the Republic on 14th January1984, its re-election respectively on 24th April 1988, 11th October 1992, 12th October1997 and 11th OctoberThe President of the Republic and his wife Madam Chantal Biya2004 are milestones that enlightened about the man and its tremendous achievement. President Paul Biya has been married since 23rd April 1994 to Mrs Chantal Biya after the death of his first wife. He has three children: Franck Biya, Paul Biya Jr and Anastasie Brenda Eyenga Biya.HONORARY DISTINCTIONSMr Paul Biya is a holder of several decorations and honorary distinctions, including:n Grand Master of the National Order (Republic of Cameroon)n Grand-Croix de la Légion d’Honneur (French Republic)n Great Commander of the Medal of St- Georges(United Kingdom of Great-Britain and Northern Ireland)n Grand-Cross, Special class (Federal Republic of Germany)n Grand Collier of the Order of Ouissam Mohammadi(Kingdom of Morocco)n Great Commander of the Order of Nigeria (Federal Republic of Nigeria)n Grand-Croix de l’Ordre du Mérite (Republic of Senegal)n Commander of National Order of Tunisian Doctor Honoris Causa from the University ofMaryland (USA)n Honorary Professor from the University of Beijing (People’s Republic of China).LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN21

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