Page 214 - Atouts-Cameroun-2017
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214LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNActivities on the Cocoa/coffee orchard protection project helped in 2014 to produce 855,000 seedlings of Arabica coffee and 608,000 seed- lings of Robusta, recycle 282 actors involved in plant-health control. The project to support young farmers made it possible to produce 2.3 million rooted cuttings of Robusta coffee; to rehabilitate 2 ha of Arabica coffee seed garden and treat 17 ha of Arabica coffee plantation.In 2014, the quantities of coffee exported increa- sed by 9.2% compared to 2013 for the Arabica and 46.1% for Robusta. Prices rose by 43.7% for Arabica and 4.7% for the Robusta variety after the declines recorded a year ago. In the first half 2015 and year on year, exports rose by 12.2% for the Arabica and 19.9% for Robusta.NATURAL RUBBERIn 2014, rubber production was virtually unchan- ged on 2013 at 51,559 tons. The economic slowdown is attributable to unfavourable climatic conditions in the second half-year and to the continuous fall in the selling price on the interna- tional market wherein prices are declining since 2012. In 2014, the decline in the world prices was 29.7% against 17.8% in 2013.This is related to the increase in supply and decrease in global demand, as a result of the stockpiles built up by the main consuming coun- tries that are China and Japan. The quantities exported rose by 5.7%.To expand plantations and replace the old trees, the main company of the sector (HEVECAM) invested on their own resources nearly 8.5 billion CFA francs in 2013 and 13 billion in 2014. In 2015, natural rubber production grew by 4.9%.COTTONIn 2014, seed cotton production increased by 14.3% compared to 2013, to stand at 274,286 tons; that of lint increased 10.7% to 98 375 tons. The increase is linked to intensive use of inputs and the continuation of incentives including the purchase price to producers and incentive bonuses to the best growers.The Cotton Development Corporation (SODECOTON) invested about 3 billion of own resources and a grant of 300 million was granted the National Confederation of Cotton Producers by the government for the acquisition of fertilizers and pesticides.On the international market, prices fell by 8.1% in 2014 after 1.3% increase recorded in 2013. The decrease is the result of the decline in demand by China, the world's largest cotton consumer. The exports were down 0.7% compa- red to those of 2013. In 2015, lint production could increase by 12% to come to 110, 195 tons, due to continued coaching and actions by SODECOTON to encourage producers.Arabica coffee production has increased by 14.6%


































































































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