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220LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNIn fact, the political vision of the Head of State to make Cameroon an emerging country by 2035, which is democratic and united in its diversity, has a specific chapter on agriculture and rural development. The chapter has a strategic objec- tive of "strengthening Cameroon’s position as a sub-regional agricultural power, where the rural sector is a driving force of the national economy, ensuring food security of the populations, in the interests of sustainable development and environ- mental friendliness."The ambitions of the Development Strategy for the Rural Sector, in its chapter on Agriculture and Rural Development is based on four pillars:• Strengthen governance and institutional support in the Agriculture sub-sector and rural develop- ment;• Improving the productivity and competitiveness of agricultural sectors;• Modernizing the infrastructures in rural areas and agricultural production;• Managing natural resources specific to agricul- ture sustainably.Cameroon’s agriculture has several additional assets including: the natural environment, produc- tivity and diversity of cultures, and the political will to promote young workforce as human resources.NATURAL ENVIRONMENTCameroon can boast for having a large agricul- tural land, very fertile soils, and a wide variety of ecological zones favourable to agricultural acti- vity. Let’s look at all these assets:• Favourable ecological diversity to the culture of a variety of speculations, including industrial and cash crops such as cocoa, Arabica coffee, Robusta coffee, cotton, bananas, palm oil. We then have food crops: maize, sorghum, millet, paddy rice; not to mention roots and tubers, pea- nuts, tropical fruits, legumes, spices, mushrooms;• Large exploitable land and seaboard areas; and a generally mild and favourable climate;• A highly strategic geographical position (junc- tion between Equatorial and Tropical Africa, and an opening towards the sea); and a favourable rainfall for agricultural production, as well.PRODUCTIVITY AND CROP DIVERSITYAs said above, the country has fertile soils, which allows the existence of many sectors: plantain, maize, tree cultivation and fruits, rice, onions, pepper . Arguably, many "fertilizers" exist which boost the capacities in this specific area:• Improve the national and international lines of communication;• High availability of irrigable land (about 240,000 hectares);Crop launching year


































































































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