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231ForestINTRODUCTIONCameroon has the second biggest forest massif in Africa; the forest spreads over 22.5 million hectares. In 2014, the productive forest area was 17.5 million ha for 19.7 million in 2013. The drop is due to the allocation of a few areas for agricultural projects and structuring and mining projects, not to mention the effect of cli- mate change combined with the advancing des- ert in the northern area where the deforestation rate according to the FAO is 0.7%.Through development and logging, reafforesta- tion, and management of wildlife resources, the government gets on with the measures.FOREST DIVERSITYThe vegetation in Cameroon is a summary of the Africa’s where one finds the forest, savannah and steppe in various types.THICK FORESTThe thick forest, otherwise called the great forest, stretches from the Gulf of Guinea to Eastern Africa. It completely covers the southern part of the country up to the Adamawa plateau.However, the forest does not have a uniformly appearance throughout the Cameroonian territory.Therefore, we have subdivisions in keeping with the neighboring ocean, relief, paleography, climate and edaphic factors.Alongside the Littoral, the thick humid forest stretches from the Nigerian borders, going down to the Atlantic coast and disappearing towards the east along the southern borders of Cameroon.It is classified into three categories as follows: the coastal forest, Atlantic forest and the Dja forest.At the end of 2014, the revenues from logging (Annual forestry fee, the felling tax) were 22.9 billion, showing an upturn on 2013.The annual forestry fee (RFA), which represents 74.6% of the revenues has increased by 50.2% thanks to higher bids during the operating titles auctioning and the continuation of various reco- veries.Riperian populations and municipalities received a transfer of 5.1 billion including 70% for deve- lopment actions.LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN

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