Page 233 - Atouts-Cameroun-2017
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SavannahsSavannah is a type of vegetation adapted to the contrasted seasons of tropical climate: a dry and a rainy season (1,400 mm annual rainfall and at least 3 dry months). Cameroon savannahs can be classified into three categories including:n The sudani-guinean shrubby and wooded savannahs in the Adamawa;n The woody savannahs and mid-sudanian dry clear forest;n The sudani-sahelian woody savannahs in the Benue basin.SteppesSteppes are types of deteriorated shrubby savan- nahs. Their arborescent flora is scattered. The Far-North has 2 types:n The sahelo-sudanian steppes; n The sahelo-saharan steppes.LOGGINGThe added value in forestry and logging was up by 9.9% in 2014 whereas it had dropped by 1.8% in 2013. Meantime, the volume of rough timber is estimated at 2,747,380 m3, up by 16.8%. The evolution stems from factors like the increase in exploitable marketable species, ope- ning to new markets, allocation of 49 sales stan- ding volume, which brings the total to 151. Exports of logs and sawed wood have increased respectively by 30.1% and 12.7% thanks to the facilitations implemented on foreign trade in the Douala Port Authority.The vegetation in Cameroon is a summary what one finds in AfricaThe quantity of special exported products (ebony, pygeum, yohimbe and voacanga) is estimated at 6,475 tons, with the improvement in the data collection system of products stemming from the sector. Actions targeted focus on: strengthening traceability and certification; enlarging the range of exploited species; organizing and training the players in the chain of non-wood products.Export revenues on wood and works have increa- sed by 8.6%, and the amount recovered of auctions and penalties has amounted to 1.4 billion. Non- wood export products generated 7.5 billion.There are more than 600 marketable wood species in Cameroon.LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN233

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