Page 236 - Atouts-Cameroun-2017
P. 236

236LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNMinistry of Forestry and WildlifeThe Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife (MINFOF) is primarily commissioned to ensure sustainable use of forest and wildlife resources in Cameroon...AN ABSOLUTELY NEEDFOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENTCameroon has made sustainable management of ecosystems a mainstay of its national policy. It must be remembered that the country is part of the forests in the Congo Basin. As such, it has an impressive biological diversity. Its forest area is about 22 million hectares, that is to say 41% of the national territory, part of which, about 12 million hectares is classified as production or conservation forest.Three major ecological zones of Africa are unfol- ded in Cameroon, including: The Sahelian zone,between the North and Far-North Regions; the savannah, found in the Adamawa, West and North-West Regions; and finally, the forest zone, which covers the Centre, East, Littoral, South and South-West. This represented African ecology is distinctive about forest ecosystems in Cameroon.Since the Rio Summit in 1992, Cameroon has properly equipped itself with an organic frame- work for the management of forest and wildlife resources, and a forestry policy codified by the law of 20 January 1994. The law is now being reviewed to enable it to be more innova- tive. Back to the resources, they are mostly mar- keted outside of their collection area and very often, in different national, regional and inter- national markets.ENHANCED LEGALITYBesides, to enhance the legality of its forest pro- ducts, Cameroon ratified in 2011 a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA / FLEGT) with the European Union, the main customer of Cameroonian wood. In the same vein, the President of the Republic instructed in 2016 the incineration of 2000 elephant tusks and 1700 by-products that had been seized. Many signals that reveal the country's commitment to develop the line of business, whose economic importance was reassessed in 2013 through a scientific study by the International Forest Research Centre, under the Ministry Forest and Wildlife (MINFOF). A study which showed that the Forest and Fauna sector accounts for 4% of national GDP and is the third largest source of State’s income after agriculture and oil.A few innovations brought by the 1994 Act are behind this rapid development of the sector. The Act makes indeed, a clear distinction between the permanent forest estate and the non-perma- nent. The PFE includes public forests owned by the State and the communal forests called to be classified as production forests.The Ministry of Forest and Wildlife’s office in Yaoundé

   234   235   236   237   238