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237MINFOF’s departments carry out repeated checkingPRODUCTION FORESTSIt’s handy to bear in mind that as part of their management, the state-owned production forests are subdivided into Forest Management Units (FMU). 116 FMUs covering 6,845,023 hectares have been identified, 109 have already been allocated, 89 are developed, that is to say an area of 5,438,038 hectares. The planning process continues otherwise. Besides, the country has 26 communal forests, of which 20 are under development. In addi- tion, 42 forest reserves were transferred to the Councils since 2012 as part of the Decentralization process.The non-permanent forest estate is itself a multi- purpose area. It operates through the sale of cuts, community forests for the benefit of residents, cut- ting permits (500 cubic metres) or cutting autho- rizations (30 cubic metres). For greater transpa- rency in the allocation of these forests by auction, an inter-ministerial commission sits in the presence of an Independent Observer.MORE PROCESSINGIndustrial activity is mainly provided by wood processing units; they were in the number of 200 in 2012. They are now called for greater proces- sing, in order to increase the added value of locally manufactured products. As such, an indus- trial industrialization plan of the Wood sectorwas adopted in2012. From this perspective, a training program on wood drying techniques was launched for the less equipped local arti- sans. In the same vein, provision is made for the gradual setting up of dryers in the main cities of the country for them.Furthermore, a policy of promoting new wood species with scientific characteristics close to those traditionally used, is implemented to vary the offer. On the other hand, a national reforesta- tion program is carried out every year since 2006 across the entire national territory. For the ongoing year 2016, 810 million CFA francs have been allocated to various reforestation actors. Between 2006 and 2014, almost 3.2 billion CFA francs were disbursed by the State of Cameroon to reforest a surface area of eight thousand hectares.In support for the measures already implemented to protect the resource, illegal exploitation of poles has just been banned in Cameroon. As for non-timber or special forest products, other than wood, a particular emphasis is laid on the mas- tery of production and marketing circuits. Their annual market value (equated with sales) is esti- mated at 76.33 billion francs, the corresponding added value is 61.21 billion francs, whereas the self-consumption value of these products is about 14 billion francs.NETWORK OF PROTECTED AREASFinally, as regards wildlife, Cameroon has a net- work of protected areas that covers an area of 9,597,203. 57 hectares, some 20.18% of the national territory. It is noteworthy that 86% of these protected areas are already classified. Other classification initiatives are in progress and involve 901,884 hectares, a 2% area of the national territory.Ultimately, the total area of protected areas in Cameroon will be around 21% of the national territory. Following the killing of ele- phants in the Bouba N'Djida Park (North Region) in 2012, an emergency plan for securing protected areas was developed and validated by the Government which is see- king the multifaceted support from friendly countries and development partners, for its full operationalization.Finally, it is obvious that sustainable manage- ment of forest and wildlife products has become a reality in Cameroon. With effective involvement of the Councils and Communities which receive annual forest or wildlife royal- ties from the Government. The collaboration of other public and private, national or inter- national stakeholders, is welcome to streng- then the measures already implemented by the Government nLES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN


































































































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