Page 24 - Atouts-Cameroun-2017
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24LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNfrom 550m to 280m from the Mandara pied- mont to the River Logone borders exhibiting their Yaérés (large flooded spaces during rainy sea- sons). These immense areas full of inselbergs holes surround Maroua.The flooding plains of the River Logone lead to Chari Delta bogs. Contrasting with this monoto- nous landscape, the Mandara mountainous mas- sif appears in the west up to the Nigerian frontier. Average altitude of this whole is 700m, but there are also summits reaching 1 224m height like the Rhumsiki Needles and at times even 1 442m for Hossere. The southern Cameroon vast plateau spreads out below the Cameroon ridge: This morphological unity consists in series of monotonous convex hills which altitude varies between 650 and 900m, and dulled or hardened interfluves.A few accidents occur above these endless hills to break the monotony (Ntem, Mbam, Yaoundé massifs and Yoko inselbergs) with more than 1200m peaks. In the south-west, the plateau goes smoothly down to reach a peneplain at 500/800 m average altitude and ends in the Congo basin. Concerning the south-west part of southern Cameroon plateau, it goes as far as the coastal plains.These plains are smaller and do not exceed 150 km width. Situated in between the Pacific Ocean and the southern Cameroon plateau, they are widely spread and hardly distorted, made up of sedimentary grounds which are at times covered with basalt flows. These plains are sprinkled with abundant small volcanic molehills in the region, notably in the south area of Tombel and Kumba.They penetrate like a gulf alongside the River Sanaga, in the south edge of southern Cameroon plateau. The continuity is stopped by Mount Cameroon. In the south part of the River Sanaga, the coastal plain loses its bulk as it turns up and passes almost imperceptibly to a low plateau.VEGETATIONCameroon’s vegetation embodies the different varieties found in Africa. There are forest, savan- nah and steppe alike in various forms.FORESTSThe large forest going from the Gulf of Guinea to East Africa covers the entire south part of Cameroon as far as the Adamawa plateau. Nevertheless, it does not offer the same aspect all over the land.That’s why there are varieties in relation to sea neighbouring, altitude, palaeography, climatic and ecological conditions linked to the soil. Along the coast from the frontiers with Nigeria, going down the Atlantic coast and toward East along the northern frontiers of Cameroon, is spread out the humid thick forest, which can be divided into three categories:Coastal forestIt covers the entire area of Atlantic coast from Mudemba (in its northern part) to Campo (in the south).It however penetrates tens of kilometres ins- hore ending west by Kumba, Edea and Yabassi. At times it could not reach inshore because of considerable mangroves, like in Tiko and Douala or because of sandy fields in Kribi and Campo, which stop its species from growing. MainAn antelope group Cameronian savanna

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