Page 242 - Atouts-Cameroun-2017
P. 242

242LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNRegarding aquaculture, 5 000 tons of fish were produced in monitoring units. The result stems in particular from: the popularization of new pro- duction techniques (cage farming, closed containment ...); the provision of fish farming kits to some modern hatcheries, rehabilitation of some aquaculture stations, construction of three quality seed production modern hatcheries and creation of four fish production pilot units; the capacity-building about 200 players.PRODUCTION INCREASE STRATEGYThe government's strategy to meet the shortfall in domestic production includes two levers: capture fisheries and aquaculture. The first lever that aims at increasing capture fisheries production intends to promote the integration of the nationals in the exploitation of fisheries resources both at conti- nental and maritime levels. The second lever is to develop fish farming through the intensification of small-scale aquaculture.To do this, the government encourages the reha- bilitation of many abandoned ponds. Regarding human resources development, the Yabassi- based Institute of Fisheries Science already exists within the University of Douala.An Institute of Arts and Nautical Trades, and Fishing will soon open in Limbe. It’s worth mentio- ning that the veterinary livestock and fisheries trai- ning centres of Foumban, and the young fisher- men training centres in Debunscha (South-West) and Bonamatoumbé (Littoral), are already opera- tional. To improve the availability of fingerlings, the aquaculture stations at Bamessing and Foumban have resumed their production. To com- plete the action plan, a project to promote aqua- culture in the CEMAC zone, led by a livestock, meat and fishery resources commission (CEBEVI- RHA) will start in Cameroon and concerns the Regions of Adamawa, Centre, South and East.THE CONTRIBUTION OF DAMSFrom a different point of view, the impoundment of future hydroelectric dams of Mekin, Lom-Pangar and Memve'ele will further expand the capture fisheries production potential. The Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Animal Industries sets up the first few milestones for the development of sustainable aqua- culture that has significant potential for improvement, especially as Cameroon is in the Congo basin, one of the largest in the world. Reducing fish imports will be done gradually, depending of course on efforts to produce locally.Herd is estimated this year at more than 7 million cattle and as many small ruminants


































































































   240   241   242   243   244