Page 29 - Atouts-Cameroun-2017
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29General InformationKEY RESOURCES OF THE COUNTRYBased on statistical figures from 2013 to 2015, the sectors of agriculture, forestry, animal husban- dry, fisheries, mining and industry are the main sources of Cameroon’s revenues.AGRICULTURE AND FORESTProduction in the primary sector increased by 4.7% in 2014 against 3.7% in 2013. The sector accounted for 20.4% of GDP and contributed to a point to growth against 0.8 point in 2013. There was a surge of cash crops exports in the first quarter of 2015, and wood in the first-half year, which was of good omen for the sector over the year.Development policies in the rural sector remain focused, among others on: the improvement of the industries’ productivity and competitiveness; modernization of infrastructure in rural areas and increase in production; the sustainable manage- ment of natural resources.The production of industrial and export agricul- ture increased by 2.9% in 2014 after 6.9% in 2013. It mainly concerns annuity products as cocoa, coffee, rubber, cotton, banana and palm oil. As for food-producing agriculture, it recordeda 4.2% growth in 2014. Projects and pro- grammes laid emphasis on supervising the far- mers and distributing plant material and fertilizers to increase production.Regarding forest, it should be noted that Cameroon has the second largest massif forest in Africa. Forests cover 22.5 million hectares. In 2014, productive forest area was 17.5 million hectares for 19.7 million in 2013. The decline observed was due to the downgrading of areas for the benefit of agricultural projects and structu- ring and mining projects, the effects of climate change, advancing desert in the northern region where the deforestation rate according to the FAO is 0.7%. The government continues acting through: Planning and logging; reforestation; enhancement of wildlife resources. Cameroon’s vegetation is a summary of that of Africa where one finds forests, savannah and various forms of steppes.ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND FISHERIESThe added value of animal husbandry sub-sector experienced a 5.7% increase in 2014 while increase in the sub-sector of fishing was 2.7% compared to 2013. This was largely due to the success of the agropoles Programme, launched by the government in 2012.LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN


































































































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