Page 297 - Atouts-Cameroun-2017
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297Four research programmes, also under the SCAFP and specifically for cattle, monogastric animals (poultry, pig, rabbit), small ruminants (goats and sheep), fishing and aquaculture, and for Animal Health. Four programmes are also performed at the SCSSPESR: Economics and Rural Sociology, Agricultural Intensification and Diversification, Food Technology and Agroforestry.TACKLING FOOD INSECURITYWith regard to fruit crops, IRAD has introduced, assessed and developed several improved varie- ties and has been distributing each year at least 50,000 plants from its nursery across the coun- try. The equipment allows to plant approximately 500 ha of orchard. Fruit consumption as a result of this, the high vitamins and minerals content of the fruits should contribute to improving the nutri- tional standards of the population (prevention of cardiovascular disease and other non-communi- cable conditions). Besides, their sale at local and sub-regional markets generates substantial reve- nues to improve the buying power of households and contribute to the fight against food insecurity.In the field of Oil Plants, IRAD distributes each year more than two million oil palm pre-germina- ted seeds. Its production potential through the seed fields set up and packaging structures esta- blished and maintained with the support of theGovernment could reach 5 to 6 million pre-ger- minated seeds in a year, with additional support. The structure is virtually a unique one throughout the CEMAC zone.As for Stimulating Plants, IRAD has implemented and is maintaining over 20 ha of cocoa and coffee seed fields distributed in the main pro- duction basins of these crops. From one hectare of seed garden, one can get enough cocoa pods and therefore seeds to prepare for what to plant at least 150 ha of orchard production. The Institute actively participated in the develop- ment of the Recovery and Development Plan of Coffee and Cocoa Sectors the Government adopted in November 2014 to boost the pro- duction of these crops by 2020 (objective: 600,000T of Cocoa, 125,000 T of Robusta Coffee 15000 T of Arabica Coffee). The SC- PC will play a key role in research and support for the training of trainers in order to monitor to this important initiative that should contribute to effectively fight food insecurity.Finally, with regard to rubber production, IRAD, through the actions by the SC-PC technically sup- ports and monitors industrial plantations (CDC, HEVECAM ...), and also develops innovative technologies to boost the productivity of peasant plantations, helping to reduce poverty and food insecurity as well.PRODUCTS PROCESSING AND CONSERVATIONIRAD has developed domestication techniques of Gnetum sp. (Okok or Eru), which is a non- timber forest product of great economic value in Cameroon and the sub-region. Through the cuttings of vine fragments of the species in bins locally made, you can obtain rooted plantlets after two to three months and avoid the germination of seeds that may take 1 year. The technique renders possible large scale cul- tivation of the species and contributes to food security and the improvement of living stan- dards of the population.To better manage or enhance agricultural pro- duction, IRAD has developed processing and storage techniques of agricultural products. As an example, the use of 4th grade rice, which is generally intended for animal nutrition, to develop many products as cakes, “gluten free” cookies based on rice flour, and provide pro- ducers and processors with a profit of at least 40%. Feeding practices are determinants of children and pregnant women’s nutritional sta- tus, for they are highly influential for the growth, evolution and outcome of pregnan- cies; these products made from rice flour are fortified with the rich local legume proteins such as bean, soybean, peanut. >>>Dr. Noé Woin, Managing DirectorLES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN

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