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30LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNThe programme, whose pilot phase was comple- ted in 2014 aims at providing solutions to the structural constraints that impede the development of the agricultural, fisheries and animal husban- dry sectors. 14 functional agropoles out of 16 received funding from the government for an amount of CFAF 1.7 billion in 2014.The national herd in 2014 is 6.3 million head of cattle; 3.2 million head of pigs and 74.3 million head of poultry. As for the annual demand for fish, it is estimated at just over 300 000 tons. The demand is met both by supply of domestic pro- duction and imports. In 2014, fish production (industrial, artisanal maritime and continental) is estimated at 184 000 tons against 94 718 in 2013. This development is explained by:• The improvement of data collection system in the various landing points;• The support in fishing gears;• The establishment of a biological rest of the congestion of fishery resources in the reservoirs of Maga, Lagdo, Mbakaou and Mapé;• The implementation of the MINEPIA-MINDEF cooperation agreement on the fight against ille- gal fishing.Regarding aquaculture, 5 000 tons of fish were produced in the units under monitoring. This result ensues notably from: the dissemination of new pro- duction techniques (open-net farming, closed containment farming...); the provision of fish far- ming kits to some modern hatcheries, rehabilitation of certain aquaculture stations, construction of three modern hatcheries for the production of quality seeds and the creation of four fish production pilot units; the capacity-building of about 200 actors.MINESCameroon’s population should reach 38 million in 2037Exploration and mining are carried out under industrial and artisanal forms. Regarding artisa- nal mining, 4,106 mining permits were granted. Mineral reserves are as follows:Nickel – cobalt - manganese in Lomién Annual production expected: 4,160 tons of cobalt, 3,280 tons of nickel, 45,000 tons of manganese;n Estimated reserves in the exploitation area of Nkamouna: 54.7 million tons;n Project cost: $ 615 million; n Direct jobs: 800;n Indirect jobs: 400.Iron in Mbalamn Reserves: Complete assessment awaited. Currently, reserves are estimated at 200 million tons of rich iron and 1.2 billion tons for poor iron;n Working rate envisaged: 40 million tons per year;n Project cost: five billion dollars;n Jobs provided: 3,000 direct jobs.Bauxite in Minim-Martap and Ngaoundaln Reserves: over 754 million tons;n Certification of reserves for the feasibility stu- dies in progress;n Project’s estimated cost: 5 to 6 billion;n Jobs provided: 2 500 to 3 000 direct jobs.

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