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48ORGANIZATION OF THE STATEThe constitutional provisions in force since January 18, 1996 solemnly affirm the main peculiarities of the Republic of Cameroon. This is "a decentralized unitary State. It is one and indivisible, secular, democratic and social (Article 1). Multicultural and multilinguistic State, Cameroon, taking into account its his- tory, shall have English and French as official languages of equal value. The motto of the Republic of Cameroon is: Peace-Work- Fatherland. Article 2 of the Constitution pro- vides that "National sovereignty belongs to the people of Cameroon who exercise it either through the President of the Republic and mem- bers of Parliament, or by way of referendum." The authorities in charge of managing the State derive their powers from the people through universal direct or indirect polls. The vote is equal and secret. The voting age is 20 years.These principles being affirmed, the Cameroon Constitution establishes the three major powers of State: the executive, the legislative and the judi- ciary power. The Constitution thus empowers the main institutions of the State.THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLICThe President of the Republic is the keystone of Cameroon political system. Head of State, sym- bol of National unity. The Constitution empo- wers him very highly: he defines the policy of the Nation, ensures respect for the Constitution, and ensures through his arbitration the regular functioning of public authorities. He is the gua- rantor of National independence, integrity of the territory, permanence and continuity of the State, compliance with international treatiesand agreements (Article 5). The central position of the President of the Republic within Cameroon institutions is based on the fact that he is elected to the entire Nation.In accordance with Law No. 2008/001 / of 14 April 2008 amending and supplementing some provisions of Law No. 96/06/ of 18th January 1996 on revision of the Constitution of 2 June 1972, the President of the Republic of Cameroon is elected for a term of 7 years and is eligible for reappointment. The Head of the Cameroon exe- cutive is elected through a one round direct univer- sal polls and a majority of the votes cast.Article 8 of the Constitution provides that the President of the Republic represents the State in all acts of public life. He is the Head of the Armed Forces. He is the guarantor of internal and external security of the country.He shall accredit ambassadors and extra- ordi- nary envoys of foreign powers are accredited to him. He promulgates laws. He exercises the right of pardon after consulting with the Higher Judicial Council. He exercises regulatory power.The President of the Republic creates and orga- nizes the public services of the State. He appoints civil and military officials. He may dis- solve the National Assembly (Article 8).The President of the Republic may declare by decree a State of emergency which gives him special powers. It can also by decree proclaim a State of emergency and take in this respect all measures he deems necessary (Article 9).The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister and, upon proposal of the latter, the other members of the Government.Le président de la République et les membres du gouvenement réunis en conseil des ministresLES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN


































































































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