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54LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNBut this freedom and trust are highly regulated by law. By offering a primer status of local elected, the Government was aware of the risks and requirements that can be brought about by elec- tive office. Therefore, it is intended to protect the elect, by support from their communities for damage resulting from accidents in the course of their duties. Attendance of members of municipal and regional councils is mandatory. Suspension terms and transparent revocation terms are pres- cribed. In addition, a system to handle inconsis- tencies due to the increase of responsibilities of elected officials is proposed.Indeed, by not allowing Mayors and Presidents of regions to exercise alongside, other activities and responsibility too demanding in time, public service is protected. because the function of local and regional elect requires and will still require to be devoted much time without which it will be dif- ficult to make adequate choices faced with public and private partners, and population demands. The decentralization orientation law also provides that communities freely manage the staff necessary for the performance of their tasks and the status of these personnel is set by a decree of the President of the Republic.This measure reveals the strong challenge of crea- ting a territorial civil service. As to boost the local authorities, it will be necessary to make them attrac- tive to the many executives the country is endowed with. It is worth to quickly set up a bridge between the civil service of the State and territorial public ser- vice. The reconciliation of central and local Government s, supervisory authorities and commu- nities, contributes to a better knowledge of the busi- ness environments of each other, which will pro- mote mutual respect and collaboration.The City Hall of Bandjoun, in the West Region, headquarters of the Koung-Khi DivisionThis mutual respect, especially between authori- ties and regulators, is a problem that the munici- pal movement being structured in Cameroon, did not forget to address. Indeed, the association United Cities and Municipalities of Cameroon (CVUC) which is a merging in December 2003 of two rival structures, engaged in establishing decentralization, in order to solve issues through material solutions, problems faced by communi- ties on daily basis.PRIORITY TO TRAININGParticular attention is paid to training in the decen- tralization process; because the success of this mutation and expected positive impacts, depend on the quality of men and women who lead. All actors must be well prepared; officials of territorial administration, those of all central and decentrali- zed administrations, as the staff of local authori- ties; the first for the exercise of the transferred powers; and the latter for assistance and control.Especially as we move from a priori control sys- tem to a mixed system (both a priori and a poste- riori). The Ministry of Administration and territorial Decentralization (MINATD), is active in the deve- lopment and the implementation of a training plan. Overall, the modules are grouped around several interests: the legal and regulatory frame- work; human resources management; he financial and accounting management; guardianship and control of legality; governance and partnership.In the latter area, the point will be for example to ins- till in territorial Government employees the notions of public service, local democracy, the ethics of the local administration, management control, territorial development plans and management.

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