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75The services of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA)YAOUNDE HOSTSTHE HEADQUARTERS OF THE OHADAThe treaty's main objective is to address the legal and judicial insecurity in the States Parties by modernizing and harmonizing business law in different States-Parties. It therefore secures investment by:• Making available to each State common , sim- ple, modern rules, adapted to the economic situation;• The promotion of arbitration as a means of fast and discreet settlement of contractual disputes;• Improving the training of judges and Court offi- cers.OHADA comprises four institutions:• The Council of Ministers of Justice and Finance, which meets once a year to adopt "uniform acts" applicable in each of the domestic laws of the States Parties;• The Permanent Secretariat, attached to the Council of Ministers is responsible for the prepa- ration of all documents and the annual business law harmonization program. It is headquartered in Yaoundé.• The Regional School of Magistracy in Porto- Novo, provides training and retraining of judges and judicial officers of the States Parties;• The Common Court of Justice and Arbitration composed of seven judges elected for seven years, renewable once, from among nationals of States Parties.THE REFORMED CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODEIn the quest for modernization, related both to infrastructures and working methods and means such as texts, Cameroon adopted in 2006 a new Code of Criminal Procedure. The relevant law was passed by the National Assembly and promulgated by the Head of State. This is a text of 747 articles divided into six books. This law basically aims at ending duality of sources of cri- minal procedure in force in Cameroon for several decades. Two contradictory texts coexisted until 2006.In criminal matters in Cameroon, These are, firstly, the Code of Criminal Procedure from the Order of 14th of February 1938 which has seen some changes and, secondly, the "Criminal Procedure Ordnance" of 1958, extracted from "Laws of Nigeria ". Therefore, depending on whether an accused and arrested was in the Francophone or Anglophone area, the treatment of was different.With its new Code of Criminal Procedure, Cameroon consolidates the Rule of law hence- forth by guaranteeing the rights of a defendant or an accused, which was not always the case in the former Code of criminal instruction. The sus- pect was left at the mercy of police officers. The result was a too long custody.The law provided 24 hours three times renewa- ble, but each police investigator could choose a date and time of custody in a fanciful manner. According to the former Code of Criminal Procedure, in case of arrest, a defendant taken to the police was not entitled to the assistance of legal counsel.Today, every accused may be assisted by a lawyer. Coercion is out of date in the new Criminal Procedure Code during preliminary investigation .Custody is 48 hours, renewable only once, and when a defendant has a known residence and work, there is no question of kee- ping them in custody. In sum, the new Code of Criminal Procedure protects all non-convicted persons from worries.A quick reading of the Cameroon Code of penal procedure may leave the impression that it pro- tects more the rights of alleged perpetrators than those of victims. But in reality, in application, eve- rything balances.LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN


































































































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