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89Teaching and Secondary EducationINTRODUCTIONThe challenge of education consists in making available a human capital to the country capable of supporting growth. The objectives articulated in the sectional strategy revised in 2013 are still topical. In 2015, the budget allocated to the sector represented 13.1% of State budget, an envelope of 492 billion, up 7.8% compared to 2014.NURSERY AND PRIMARY EDUCATIONThe year 2015 marks the end of maturity set by the United Nations for the MDGs achievement, including on the one hand education and, on the other hand, the beginning of the UNESCO’s post-2015 Agenda. Basic education received an allocation of 188.6 billion in 2015, up 8% com- pared to the year 2014.A grant of 1.9 billion was granted the private nursery and primary schools. The basic educa- tion’s objectives focus particularly on: improving public pre-school provision; universal primary education; literacy; improving the working and living conditions of workers.• Improvement of public pre-school provision. Various actions carried out focused on:the construction of 30 nursery blocks and 46 classrooms; purchase of 1,200 desks, 920 tables, 7,280 small chairs, 456 boards and easels, and 152 desks; establishing pre-schools community centres for the three to five-year old children in rural areas; encouraging formal pri- vate initiative. Pre-school gross rate enrollment has increased from 34.4% in 2013/2014 to 35% in 2014/2015.The number of schools increased from 6448 in 2012/2013 to 8267 in 2013/2014, up by 28.2%.• The universalization of primary education has resulted in:n The increase in free of charge schooling for children in primary schools through: the construction of 592 classrooms, 82 block latrines and 5 fences; the rehabilitation of 47 public primary schools; the purchase of 20,280 desks, 592 executive desks, 300 micro-science kits. The Government, with resources from the C2D, built 800 classrooms and received support from the NGO Counterpart for the construction of 41 block latrines and 20 equipped boreholes;LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN

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