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96LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUNMinistry of Basic EducationThe Ministry of Basic Education is mainly answerable for the universalization of primary cycle education, literacy, non-formal education and promotion of national languages. The Ministry of Basic Education is the first driver of Cameroon educational system and key in the youth development process...UNIVERSALIZATION OF PRIMARY EDUCATIONActivities are intense and varied within the broad family of Basic Education in Cameroon. The year 2015 also gave the opportunity to evidence this through the unflinching determination in primary cycle education universalization process. Some Ministry of Basic Education (MINEDUB) actions were: increasing access and retention rate; impro- ving the quality of education; organizing entrance examinations and various other examinations; dis- tributing textbooks; recruiting teachers; improving school health; school feeding; supporting educa- tion of the girl; organizing school sport activities; contracting with the private sector and establi- shing Emergency Plan in the Far North Region of the country to face instability.Speaking of the latter, it should be noted that the emergency program decided upon by the Head of State in support of displaced children in the area of the Far North as a consequence of Boko Haram sect abuses aimed at building 208 class- rooms and equipping them with 6240 benches and 208 tables and teacher tables; drilling 56 water supply; providing minimum package to schools; paying for examination fees and assis- ting displaced students.LITERACY PROMOTIONOF NATIONAL LANGUAGESOther initiatives, aiming at increasing literate popu- lation, were undertaken in 2015. Thus, teaching materials for reading and writing were produced; 93 teachers were trained in the teaching of natio- nal languages; co-designing and setting up of national languages teaching project piloted in 360 government primary schools for one school per council; development plan for literacy, basic non formal education and national language pro- motion in view of implementing national policy; 17,573 adults are taking literacy courses; 50 cen- tres of functional literacy were equipped with tea- ching materials (literacy kits), etc.MINEDUB also works to extend the coverage of preschool education through the development of community experience to the benefit of rural populations; with a strong involvement of Regional and Local Authorities. The main activi- ties in 2015 in the framework of supporting the development of preschool are: the extension of public preschool network: 200 public kindergar- tens created; the construction of 30 maternity units; the construction of 20 classrooms; the reha- bilitation of 05 Nursery Schools; furnishing 30 maternal blocks and 20 classrooms with1601 tablets, 4,800 small chairs, 240 writing board on stands and 80 teacher offices.COMBATING CORRUPTION IN SCHOOLSSeveral activities were carried out against this scourge including: intensifying the implementa- tion of Rapid Results Initiatives (IRR) through the organization of impregnating workshops and awareness in this area to the benefit of 12,533 Public Primary Schools Principals of the 360 councils of the country; continuation of audit mis- sions, denunciations of acts of corruption in decentralized services; the deployment of anti- corruption brigade during the 2015-2016 school year covering 1861 schools on the 5982 targeted. This enabled satisfactory implementa- tion in concerned schools, of instructions prohibi- ting collecting illegal fees, finally enforcing the decision of the Head of State consecrating the abolition of fees payable to the public primary school; and systematic monitoring of teacher appointment in the Regions.Meanwhile, MINEDUB completed several other projects with the support of partners. Thus: the International Chantal Biya Reference Centre (ICRW) has, through awareness campaigns in the fight against HIV / AIDS in schools, accompa- nied MINEDUB, distributing 50 thousand books, on basic skills in the fight against HIV; UNESCO provided expertise in the development of policy and Literacy Development Plan, Non-Formal

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