Page 100 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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creation and operation of about thirty private higher education institutions. The majority of these institutions provide vocational training.
By a presidential decree on 19 January 1993, the University of Yaoundé whose numbers had become overcrowded split into 6 state universi- ties: Buea, Douala, Dschang, Ngaoundere, Yaoundé I, Yaoundé II. Subsequently, two other state universities were created: Maroua in 2008 and Bamenda in 2010.
These universities include about one hundred clas- sical faculties (arts, literature and human science, economics and management, juridical and politi- cal sciences) and the advanced schools (including four faculties of medicine). Cameroon also has more than 150 private higher education institu- tions (following the liberalization in the higher edu- cation sector, thanks to the orientation law of 16 April 2001). The country also has a university free zone and two virtual universities (in Yaoundé) for the training of high-level engineers. For the acade- mic year 2016/2017, there was in Cameroon a total of 375 397 students (public and private universities), supervised by 5069 teachers.
During the 2016/2017 academic year, the activi- ties relating to infrastructure improvement focused on:
A constantly increasing demand of more than 6%
• The construction of a pedagogical block on 3 floors at the Faculty of Educational Sciences of the University of Yaoundé I;
• Completion of the construction work and equip- ping of the university residences and workshop blocks of ENSET in Bambili;
• The finalization of the construction works of the restaurant, library, teaching block and adminis- trative block of the University of Maroua;
• The continuation of the construction work for the laboratories of the Faculty of Science of the University of Ngaoundere;
• Completion of road construction works at ENSET Bambili;
• The construction of pedagogical block on 3 floors at the University of Douala;
• The construction of a deanship block at the University of Dschang;
• The purchase of teaching equipment for the faculty of industrial engineering at the University of Douala, and for the medical units of the univer- sities of Bamenda, Buea, Douala and Yaoundé I;
• Completion of the construction of an adminis- trative block, with a 3000-seat library at the faculty of medicine and pharmaceutical sciences of the University of Douala.

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