Page 103 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 INTRODUCTION
Like other African countries, Cameroon has a booming population, especially in the young seg- ment. A situation that is not without consequences on employment, with a sharp rise in unemploy- ment in cities, where the vast majority of young people are looking for a job.
The state, the decentralized territorial authorities and the various non-governmental organizations do not remain indifferent to the situation. Consequently, vocational education, long regar- ded as being of little use, is now regaining its rights in the national education policy at the behest of President Paul Biya.
Aware of the importance of training and prepa- ring Cameroonians for the world of work, but also of responding effectively to the legitimate demands and aspirations of the younger genera- tions, the Head of State shall spare no effort in promoting vocational education.
A FEW DATA ON UNEMPLOYMENT RATE AMONG THE YOUTH
According to the International Labour Office (ILO) in 2016, the rate was estimated at more than 10% of the active population. A phenomenon essentially encountered in urban area, unemploy- ment mainly affects young people and especially the women. A serious study conducted in 2015
in Cameroon shows that 70% of the unemployed are under 30 years old. According to the International Labour Office, any person who has not been in business at least for an hour during the last four weeks is unemployed. In a broader sense, the category of unemployed people who have not looked for a job in the last two weeks but are ready to work if they find one.
At the regional level, the two largest cities in the country have the highest unemployment rates, namely 27.6% and 25.5% respectively for Douala and Yaoundé. An analysis of the phenomenon according to age and individuals shows that the unemployed are mostly young adults with average 27. This average age varies very little according to the gender; it is about 28 and 26 year old res- pectively for men and women with a slightly larger age gap between urban and rural areas.
STATISTICS ON YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
The latest available data on the integration of young people into the labour market show a contrasting situation. They can be defined as fol- lows:
• Most jobs available are essentially insecure (90%).
• Unemployment is masked by underemploy- ment, which affects more than 76% of persons in active employment.
EMPLOYMENT AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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