Page 104 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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• Women are more affected by underemploy- ment (84%) than men (68%).
• The age group most affected by unemployment is the 17 to 40 age group with peaks between 25 and 30 years of age.
• Half of the active persons receive on-the-job training.
Several actions have been considered by the government to promote youth employment. It involved the creation of two ministries: the Ministry of Employment and Vocational Training (MINEFOP) and the Ministry of Youth (MINJEC).
In addition to this institutional framework, gui- dance documents such as the National Employment Policy (NEP) and the Strategy Paper for Growth and Employment (SPGE) have been developed. These strategic documents served as a basis for the preparation of the National Action Plan for Youth Employment (PANEJ)
At operational level, the State has set up struc- tures including the National Employment Fund (NEF), which is the main secular arm of the State in terms of promoting employment and especially intermediation between young graduates and companies; the PIAASI (Integrated Programme for Support to Actors in the Informal Sector) responsi- ble specifically for young people in the informal
Some trainings end up in work placements
sector in the Ministry of Employment and Vocational Training (MINEFOP).
Some ministerial departments have programmes or projects for youth; including the Rural and Urban Youth Support Programme (PAJER-U) hou- sed in MINJEC and the Support Project for the Reintegration of Vulnerable People and Children (PARPEV) housed in MINAS.
Other ministries and partners are supporting the implementation of the Youth Employment Action Plan.
The government has spared no effort in recent years to provide young people and workers with quality training facilities to acquire skills and qua- lifications that meet international standards and in line with the needs of the world of work. Since 2007 therefore, major structural reforms of the vocational training system in Cameroon have been undertaken. They aim, among other things, at improving the quality and quantity of training provision, improving governance, developing programmes according to the Competence- based Approach, and set up a National Certification and Qualification Framework; win- ning back the users and partners’ confidence in the vocational training system, devolving the decision-making places. These reforms have achieved results whose impacts can be seen in the national economy. Among these results obtai- ned and without being exhaustive, there are:
• The establishment of three vocational training cen- tres of excellence in Douala, Limbé and Sangmélima with the support of the Republic of Korea;

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