Page 116 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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• Delimitation of the land boundary between the two countries, besides the demilitarization of the Bakassi peninsula;
• Withdrawal of civil services, armed forces and police; and transfer of authority in the involved areas located along the border;
• Protection of the rights of the involved popula- tions of the two countries as well as the reactiva- tion of the Committee on Lake Chad Basin;
• Development of projects to promote joint eco- nomic ventures between the two countries and cross-border cooperation.
To achieve these objectives, the Committee esta- blished a sub-committee for delimitation assisted by a joint technical team, and a sub-committee for involved populations as well as various ad hoc working groups on the Bakassi peninsula and the maritime boundary.
A monitoring staff responsible in charge of the fol- low-up in the implementation of the withdrawal of departments and to help in delimitation opera- tions was also established.
After the withdrawal of Nigerian troops from Bakassi and transfer of authority to Cameroon, Yaoundé faces two major challenges: Developing the peninsula by building roads, schools, health facilities on the one hand, and preserving peace among Cameroonians and Nigerians who have chosen to continue living in the area on the other hand. With regards to this, it should be recalled that with the signing of the Greentree Agreement, Cameroon committed to ensuring to Nigerian nationals their fundamental rights and freedoms as enshrined in International Law.
As part of its policy of opening up to the interna- tional community, Cameroon, an associate mem- ber of the Agency for Cultural and Technical Cooperation (ACCT) since 1975, became on 19 November 1991, under the impetus of the Head of State, HE Paul Biya, a full member of the Francophone family.
Since then, Cameroon has been maintaining a consistent relationship with the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) at political, economic, social, cultural and technological levels. At political level, unlike other francophone countries in Africa, Cameroon joined the Francophonie rela- tively late. This is justified by domestic policy and balance between the two major national language communities (French and English).
Since its OIF accession, Cameroon has partici- pated at the highest level to all summits of the Francophonie, also called Summits of the Heads
Cameroon has always manifested its commitment to the Commonwealth’s values
of State and Government of countries sharing French language; all ministerial and sectional conferences (Youth and Sports, Education, Higher Education and Research, justice, commu- nication).
At institutional level, cooperation between Cameroon and the Francophonie is dense. As to the parliamentary aspect, Cameroon has hosted 3 sessions of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Francophonie in 1998, 2007 and 2013. On that last occasion, Cameroon equally hosted the XXITH regional assembly of the APF for Africa. In support for the democratic process, the OIF has sent election observation missions in the context of the presidential, legislative and municipal elec- tions of 1997, 2004, 2011 and 2013.
The International Association of Francophone Mayors (AIMF) contributes to capacity building for authorities and local elected officials, as well as the development of health infrastructures and environmental governance. Moreover, the OIF brought support to the Council of Decentralization (equipment and training of staffs in results-based management); to the moderniza- tion of municipal services of civil status and to local authorities’ finance (budget management of the appropriator of funds and payroll) in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé.
Regarding justice, the OIF supports, among other things, the project to develop the national plan- ning for the modernization of justice system in Cameroon, the creation of a national committee

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