Page 117 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 for the dissemination of law, the creation of a legal computerized database programme “col- lection, management and dissemination of law” (COGEDI), the implementation of continuing edu- cation in human rights, rule of law and humanita- rian law in the University of Dschang, in partner- ship with the University of Evry in France.
CAMEROON AND
THE COMMONWEALTH ORGANISATION
The political partnership between Cameroon and the Commonwealth is based on the shared concern of the Commonwealth and national authorities to impregnate our political reforms with the spirit of provisions of the Harare Declaration in 1991, which could be summed up in two points:
n Democracy, based on the principle of separation of powers;
n Respect for human rights and freedoms.
The Commonwealth’s code of practice for a constructive partnership became famous through its close involvement in the national process of democratization. That’s how teams of election observers from the Commonwealth participated in most of elections in Cameroon since 1995: the 1997 legislative election, the 2004 and 2011 presidential elections, the 2002, 2007 and 2013 (September 30) double legislative and municipal elections.
In this momentum, President Paul Biya created on December 14, 2002, the Cameroon and Commonwealth presidential commission on poli- tical reforms, in reply to the appointment of a Special envoy of the Commonwealth’s Secretary General in Cameroon. Considered as a frame- work reference for political dialogue between the two parties, the committee is responsible for the monitoring of reforms in four domains: electoral process, justice (including the prisons), decentra- lization and human rights.
Cameroon has therefore undertaken to reform and modernize its political system. There is a notable improvement in consideration of the ongoing process. As examples, we have:
• The Law on the creation of the National observatory of elections, which was adopted in 2003,
• The restoration of the National Commission of Human Rights and Freedoms (CNDHL),
• The creation of the National Commission for Fight against Corruption (CONAC) by the President of the Republic in March 2006,
• The Law organizing the Chamber of Accounts of the Supreme Court,
• The adoption by National Assembly in June 2005 of a criminal procedure code, which came into force in 2007. The Commonwealth and International Bar took part in the elaboration of the legal draft,
• The penitentiary reform,
• The creation of an independent body in charge of the organization and management of elections: Elections Cameroon (ELECAM). We should mention that the Commonwealth is committed to building the human and institutio- nal capacities of the said body as much as possible if need be.
The Commonwealth’s pattern for technical cooperation is mainly based on strengthening human and institutional capacities, also known as Capacity Building. Mechanisms for the imple- mentation of the technical support are, among others: granting of scholarships, organization of seminars/workshops for all professional catego- ries and various fields within the member states and at regional level. In the last decade, more than 800 Cameroonians benefited from it.
Socially, the Cameroon-Commonwealth coope- ration is built on three major pillars: promotion of gender equality, promotion of youth and, promo- tion of public health and education for all. As for equality of gender and promotion of youth, it is a partnership based on a common interest for the improvement of women condition and promotion of her emancipation besides that of the youths such that the two social strata would actually take part in the process of governance and develop- ment of Cameroon.
CAMEROON AND THE ORGANISATION OF THE ISLAMIC CONFERENCE
Cameroon joined the OIC on the 5th Session of the Islamic Conference of Foreign Affairs Ministers (ICFM) held at Kuala-Lumpur in Malaysia, from 21 to 25 of June 1974. Since then, the two sides developed multifaceted rela- tions of cooperation in the political, economic, cultural and legal areas.
Cameroon participated at Presidential level, in the fifth Summit of the Kings, Heads of State and Government of the OIC held in Dakar from the 9 to the 12 December 1991. Cameroon regularly participated, at ministerial level, in all other sum- mits and Islamic Conferences of Ministers of Foreign Affairs since his accession.
The creation in December 1997 by the Head of State of the office of Minister Delegate for rela- tions with the Islamic world and the acclaimed participation of the latter in the 24th ICFM held in Doha (Qatar) enabled to give new strength to cooperation with the OIC.
LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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