Page 125 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 Similarly, the emergence of the independent body responsible for organizing, controlling and supervising elections, ELECAM, sparked a deep political easing in the national triangle. These palpable democratic advances have helped to dispel many misunderstandings and to smooth differences between Yaoundé and Washington. The visit in February 2012 in Yaoundé of Eileen Chamberlain Donahoe, US representative to the UN Council for Human Rights in Geneva fits in this same move.
In trade and investments sector, although the volume of trade between Cameroon and the United States is experiencing a rising trend since 2011, however, it is still below the poten- tial of the two economies. One of the main han- dicaps is the limited number of products traded: cocoa, wood, tobacco, oil. One of the hinde- ring factors is also the business climate that is not attractive enough to the US side that constantly calls for simplification of administra- tive procedures. Should equally be mentioned, the extreme complexity of the US market and standards that cause hindrances. Nevertheless, we notice a relatively significant presence of US economic interests in Cameroon. One of these
is the mining company Geovic which is well established in the East Region with an invest- ment in billions of dollars.
CAMEROON – NIGERIA: A NEW IMPETUS
Leading economy and most populated country in Africa, Nigeria shares with Cameroon a border of about 1700 km. What happens here cannot leave indifferent there, hence a special relation with many ups and downs between the two countries. Since President Mohammadu Buhari acceded to power in Abuja, May 2015, Cameroon-Nigeria cooperation has gained momentum and meetings between the two Heads of State have multiplied since then.
A few months after President Mohammadu Buhari was sworn in, he paid a friendly and working visit to Cameroon from 29 to 30 July 2015. In response to an invitation by his coun- terpart, the Cameroonian Head of State paid a State visit to Nigeria from 3 to 4 April 2016. Paul Biya went back to Nigeria a few days later to take part in the 2nd regional summit on secu- rity in Nigeria and neighbouring countries, 14 May 2016; a conference that allowed to reas- sert the need to step up fight against Boko Haram terrorist group and to urgently combine development to military response.
CONVENTIONAL BILATERAL AGREEMENTS
Like any sovereign State, Cameroon concluded various agreements or treaties with international partners, which cover a variety of areas. For convenience, they can be grouped under the cal- ling of bilateral agreements. It is understood that their purpose and contents vary according to the partner. They are negotiated under the patronage of the Ministry of External Relations with the sup- port of technical Ministries where relevant.
The most common are the people traffic agree- ments. They define the entry and residence of contracting countries’ nationals. Special arrange- ments are granted nationals from countries of the Central African sub-region who are exempt from visas. Consular agreements deal with the protec- tion of persons and property of foreign nationals living in Cameroon and reciprocally. There are about twenty foreign consulates in Cameroon.
Host agreements that allow governmental or non- governmental international organisations to open representations in Cameroon have been conclu- ded with many of them. They allow them to bene- fit from a few facilities and in some cases, from diplomatic status.
Cooperation agreements are a particular cate- gory of agreements. They generally concern the support a developed country is able to grant a less fortunate partner.
President Paul Biya and his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron
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