Page 147 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 With regard to the post-liberalization missions of the downstream petroleum sector, the CSPH is responsible for ensuring the country's regular sup- ply in petroleum products through the modulation of supply, particularly through imports; the mana- gement of extra transport costs, as well as the intervention on access roads.
Besides, the company must ensure healthy com- petition between economic operators in the sec- tor to ensure:
n Fair access for consumers to petroleum products;
n Equal access of distributors to storage capacities;
n Control and monitoring
of monopoly areas to prevent abuse of dominant position.
To carry through its various missions, the CSPH uses a number of regulatory tools and instru- ments. Among which equalization is high in the list, which the CSPH uses for social reasons. Equalization consists in standardizing prices over time and, especially, in space, between the different deposits on the national territory. It should be specified that there are two types of equalization: inter-product equalization and interregional equalization.
A night view of a CSPH filling station
• The first occurs when a so-called luxury pro- duct subsidizes a consumer product. This is, in fact, a slight upward adjustment of prices of super and diesel to offset the readjustment of kerosene price. This mechanism allows kero- sine, which is primarily a product intended for the less affluent social strata and populations living in the countryside, to be sold at a relati- vely accessible price to the greatest number. This, for the sake of social justice.
• Interregional equalization allows, for its part, to harmonize the cost price of the same product throughout the national territory. Also called transport equalization, the operation consists in taking partial or total responsibility for the cost of transporting petroleum products to localities far from the supply areas of Limbe (where the National Refining Company is located, SONARA) and Douala (which houses the main port of Cameroon).
In order to achieve this objective, so-called “posi- tive” levies are added to the price of products sold in areas close to sources of supply. Sums received are then made available to the struc- tures responsible for transporting these products to remote regions.
In this way, consumers who are for example in Douala, near the port and the refinery, contribute
to the transportation cost of products intended for consumers located in Kousséri (in the Far-North) >>>

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