Page 151 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 A front view of the hydroelectric dam of Lom Pangar
DAM OF LOM PANGAR, THE COMMISSIONING
The hydroelectric dam of Lom Pangar whose laying of the first stone was carried out by the President of the Republic, H.E Paul Biya, on August 3, 2012, does indeed already fulfill its role on regulating the the Sanaga River flow. This function has been reinforced since the pro- visional acceptance of the dam on June 30, 2017, with the result that, thanks to the 6 billion cubic meters of water available, the Sanaga's guaranteed flow rate has been raised during the low-water period. The latter, initially at 640 m3/ s, evolved to reach 1040 m3/ s, more than 40% increase.
According to experts, the savings in terms of die- sel fuel by the company in charge of the produc- tion and distribution of electricity in Cameroon would be estimated at more than twenty billion CFA francs, because of the successful impoun- ding of the Lom Pangar Dam.
Currently, the seasonal hydrological variations which reduced the hydroelectric production are thus well mastered thanks to the fulfilment of this important work. Therefore, power failures due to reduced production are now a thing of the past, which is consistent with a prediction made by the Head of State during his speech while laying the foundational stone of the project.
TOWARDS THE PLANT AT THE FOOT
OF DAM AND ENERGY TRANSMISSION LINES
The President of the African Development Bank Group, AfDB, Dr Akinwumi A. Adesina, procee- ded on 16 July 2017 with the laying the first stone of the Plant at the Foot of Lom Pangar Dam. The ceremony officially marked the beginning of the construction of the Lom Pangar production plant. The 30-MW construction plant will be connected by a 105-kilometer and 90-kilovolt transmission line to the town of Bertoua, and will promote the electrification of 150 localities in the East Region and connect almost ten thousand (10,000) house- holds and several independent producers. This component of the Lom Pangar hydroelectric pro- ject will be provided by CHINA CAMC ENGI- NEERING CO LIMITED. The major pre-requisite in the start of work of this line, namely the compen- sation of the populations impacted by the related work, has been lifted since January 2017, with the compensation of the 416 people affected and the resettlement of 15 households.
INFRASTRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION
It should also be pointed out that, as part of a Local Development Plan (PDL), EDC has launched the construction of 164 infrastructures in the East region. The Lom Pangar Hydropower Project's PDL is entering its implementation phase. These 164 infrastructures, including classrooms, latrines, wells, boreholes, water towers, opera- ting theaters, on-call housing, sheds, community huts, drying areas, solar kits, etc., will be opera- tional by the end of 2018 in the districts of Belabo, Bétaré-Oya and Ngoura.
PDL’s activities are part of the Environmental and Social Measures of the Lom Pangar Project. A component aimed at mitigating the environmental and social impacts generated by the Project as expressed in the Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) and the Compensation and Resettlement Plan (RIP).
Although many other community-based infrastruc- tures have already been implemented by EDC under the Compensation and Resettlement Plan (RIP) between 2011 and 2017, the PDL goes fur- ther to extend the package of compensatory measures to populations throughout the project area. Its implementation thus makes it possible to respond to requests from communities that have received little or no substantial compensation under the ESMP and the RIP.
On the back of a World Bank’s financing of around 1.3 billion CFA F, Local Development Plan of the Lom Pangar’s Project has as objective to provide people in the region who did receive direct and indirect compensations with the possibility of bene- fiting from the knock-on effects of the project through investments and income-generating activities n
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