Page 157 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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The transport sector plays a leading role in the Cameroonian economy. It accounts for about 10% of the gross domestic product (GDP), 9.3% of the foreign trade, 14.7% of intermediate consumption and more than 65 000 direct jobs. Its importance in the national and sub-regional economy is growing.
In 2016, added value in the segment of “trans- port, warehousing and communications” grew by 4.3% as in 2015. This achievement is due to the good performance in air and maritime trans- port activities.
The activities included essentially road, railway, air and maritime transports.
In 2016, road transport activities recorded an increase of 18.7% in the number of passen- gers, and 7.8% in the volume of goods traded compared to 2015. The increase is related to the improvement in quality of service, renewal of rolling stock and increased demand. Turnover generated by these activities increa- sed by 12.9%.
In the first half of 2017 and year-on-year, turno- ver grew by 5.5%;
As part of the road safety contingency plan, per- manent awareness and repression monitoring missions were carried out with the assistance of the security forces. The number of accidents is 2,954 in 2016 against 2,291 in 2015. In the first eight months of 2017, it is 4,190.
To absorb its deficit in terms of road infrastruc- tures, Cameroon undertook a few years back a vast programme of construction, rehabilitation and maintenance of the national road network. Currently, Cameroon has an urban and interur- ban road network of nearly 60 000 km consis- ting of asphalted and dirt roads.
Apart from motorways and urban roads, road classification, as set up by presidential decree N° 79/093 on 21 March 1979, falls in four categories:
• The national roads that basically link the Regions’ headquarters to Yaoundé the capital town, and Cameroon to neighbouring countries are the backbone of the network.
• Regional roads link within the country the various Divisions.
• Divisional roads link within a Division the Sub- divisions to the divisional headquarters.

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