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                 Rural roads serve the countryside and plantations
They work in crafting the technical standards rela- ted thereto, carry out all necessary studies for the adaptation to the local ecosystem of these infra- structures in connection with the ministry in charge of Scientific Research, teaching institu- tions or all other competent organs.
The Ministry of Public Works in addition, brings its support for the construction and maintenance of road networks of town councils of less than 100,000 inhabitants. It contributes to the profes- sional training of the personnel of Public Works and ensures the supervision of the National civil engineering laboratory (LABOGENIE), of the National Civil Engineering Equipment Pool and the National Advanced School of Public Works.
The Road Fund is henceforth in charge of the key task of supervising road network maintenance.
As a public administrative institution placed under supervision by the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the Fund created in 1998 has as mis- sion to collect funds from backers, to challenge the non-compliance of contracts signed with com- panies, to ensure the effectiveness of works and speedy payment.
RAILWAY TRANSPORT
INTRODUCTION
The national railway master plan, which makes the activity a priority in attaining development objectives, in particular that of making Cameroon an emerging country by 2035, occu- pies a prominent place in government’s schedule.
With an amount estimated at 15,000 billion CFAF, the national rail plan that is the subject of special attention of the ministries of Transport, Economy, and Planning and Regional Development provides in the short, medium and long terms, for the construction of an efficient railway network in accordance with internatio- nal standards. It is meant to intensify swap within the national triangle and neighbouring countries as well.
OVERALL DECLINE IN ACTIVITY
In 2016, rail transport recorded an overall decline in activity. The decrease is due to a 13.4% decline in freight and 6.1% in passenger traffics. Turnover decreases by 15.5%.
In the first half of 2017, turnover increased by 4.7% compared to the same period of 2016, due to the 19.5% increase in freight traffic and despite the 37.6% decrease in passenger traffic. The decline in passenger’s traffic is due to the temporary suspension of CAMRAIL's passenger service on certain routes. At the end of the year, turnover would decrease by 6.1%.
RAILWAY FOR THE ECONOMY
It’s part of the current climate, great founding buil- ding sites, some of which have already started, are going to change the basic transport structure in Cameroon. Therefore, it’s worth mentioning the project in the process of construction of a 602.6- km railway track between the Mbalam mining site and the port city of Kribi in the South Region,
 PERIOD
WORDING
Passengers traffic (journey/km)
Freight (ton/km)
Turnover (in million)
2015
(a)
574,0
976,2
55 906
1ER Half
2016
(b)
249,4
370,6
20 613
1ER Half
2017
(d)
155,6
443
21 579
VARIATIONS (%)
Development of the railway traffic
 2016
(c)
539,1
846
47 227
2017*
(e)
565,7
840,7
44 368
(c)(a)
-6,1
-13,4
-15,5
(d)(b) (e)(c)
-37,6 4,9
19,5 -0,6
4,7 -6,1
             *Estimates - Source CAMRAIL
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