Page 181 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 INTRODUCTION
In his New Year message to the nation on 31 December 2015, the Head of State Paul Biya instructed the government to speed up the implementation of preconditions for Cameroon’s industrialization. Necessary conditions: the development of communication and telecommunications infrastructures. In the latter area, Cameroon urgently has to catch up its delay in digital economy development which is, besides being a real niche of new jobs for the youth, a real growth driver. The country must be able to fully derive the corres- ponding benefit therefrom.
BUILDING A DIGITAL CAMEROON
The anchoring of President Paul Biya’s vision of making Cameroon an emerging country must be translated into the sub-sector of tele- communications/ICT, by the development of infrastructures devoted to make it a digital country by 2035.
To build a digital Cameroon, the government is therefore committed to building sea-cables head-ends, choosing the country may enter various consortiums. Thus, Cameroon renego- tiated its partnership with the SAT-3 and ente- red into negotiations to become a member of the WACS (West Africa Cable System), ACE
(Africa Coast to Europe) and the Main One, to build head-ends of their cables along the maritime front, the ultimate goal being to increase the access to undersea cables capa- cities up to 3 Tbits/S3.
EXPANDING THE FIBRE OPTIC BACKBONE
To date, the layout has grown to more than 10 000 km, crossing the country from North to South and East to West, with entrances towards neigh- boring countries: Chad, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, CAR and Nigeria. However, it remains largely under Cameroon’s needs, whose ambi- tions of “digital facilities” demand to have rea- ched over 20,000 km of optical fibre by 2020, creating a network in the entire country. As part of the implementation of the broadband network, the government received from Eximbank China in July 2012, a preferential credit to carry out the programme NBN (National Broadband Network). The programme is organized around five projects.
REVIEW OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND ICT SERVICES
The number of telecommunications services’ subs- cribers is as follows:
• Penetration rate of mobile telephony service: 85.69%.
POST AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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