Page 183 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                Evolution of activity in the sub-sector of telecommunications
 PERIOD
WORDINGS
Total number of subscribers
Fixed line Mobile phone
Turnover (in million)
Fixed line Mobile phone
2015
(a)
17 672 653
1 061 426 16 611 227
535 076
90 931 444 145
1ST hELF
2016
(b)
19 380 921
1 074 694 18 306 227
292 267
47 520 244 747
2016
(c)
20 657 519
1 145 483 19 512 036
543 415
92 848 450 567
1ST hELF
2017
(d)
20 488 370
1 186 123 19 302 247
313 347
49 070 257 427
2017*
(e)
21 373 482
1 198 127 20 175 355
551 591
94 964 456 628
VARIATIONS (%)
(c)(a) (d)(b) (e)(c)
16,9 5,7 3,5
7,9 10,4 4,6 17,5 5,4 3,4
1,6 7,2 1,5
2,1 3,3 2,3 1,4 5,2 1,3
*Estimation - Source MINFI/DAE
                                  In 2016, fibre optic layout is 12 000 km on the transport network and 307 km on the access net- work. In addition, two internet exchange points are installed in Yaoundé and Douala. The overall Internet penetration rate is 11%.
In the first-half of 2017 and year-on-year, turnover increased by 7.2% and the number of subscri- bers by 5.7%. At the end of the year, the turnover would grow by 1.5% and the number of subscri- bers by 3.5%.
POST SERVICE SECTOR
The overall vision in this area concerns the den- sity of the network and improvement of the natio- nal postal coverage for geographical balance of services; the development of a universal postal service in order to promote access to postal and financial services for all.
The third generation of the restructuring process of the postal sector led on 23 April 2004, to the creation by presidential decree, of the Cameroon Postal Services (CAMPOST).
In July 2005, dysfunctions observed in the newly born structure pushed the State to establish a pro- visional administration, which was then given the task to reorganize the business and enable it to play its socio-economic role. In that stride and the coming of the law on postal business, the State decided in 2006 to gradually open up the postal market to private operators.
It is the same trend that establishes the decentraliza- tion of the regulatory function, by the creation of a postal regulatory agency, wherein the State herself is confined to a supervision and regulation role.
To date, Cameroon has a network of 234 post offices interconnected by fibre optics or VSAT that provides networking across the national ter- ritory. Besides, it has a network of over 200 mul- tipurpose community telecentres for telecommuni- cations and ICTs service in rural areas. On the other hand, a strong downward trend of tele- communications prices can be felt since the mar- ket opened to competition.
DIGITAL POST BECOMES A REALITY
The e-Post project aims at equipping CAMPOST with a true infrastructure for the modernization of the production tool of the enterprise. The private network dedicated to CAMPOST will intercon- nect about 240 post offices on the national terri- tory. In addition, counter operations will be enti- rely automated, which represents a great oppor- tunity to strengthen electrical services and make more reliable banking transactions: A strong recommendation by the recent Universal Postal Union (UPU) Congress at Doha.
The new environment and available cutting edge equipment will allow CAMPOST to have a modern postal network, and especially efficient services offered to customers.
A counter of the central post office, Yaoundé
 LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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