Page 187 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 Camtel’s CEO presenting the SAIL project at the MINPOSTEL
In addition to the financial agreements and part- nerships between telecommunication operators, the first step is to study the route. A fund recogni- tion operation, or Survey, consists in:
• Making GPS surveys to position the cable and repeaters, and map the seabed;
• Determining immersion depths using bathyme- tric surveys, and conducting geological surveys to analyze the nature of sediments.
The survey of the seabed in Cameroon's territorial waters began on 27 October 2017 in Kribi. The seaside town was the starting point for this phase, which lasted about two and a half months.
All detailed reconnaissance operations were completed in January 2017, which established the final cable route between Kribi and Fortaleza; the final route, but also the details of the various elements of the cable system. This includes, among others, the types of cables to be used, lengths required for manufacturing, repea- ters for signal amplification, equalizers. The fac- tory acceptance of this infrastructure was carried out in Norway from 09 to 12 January 2018.
From Fortaleza, SAIL may be interconnected to other cable systems, possibly with extensions to the United States. In Kribi also, extensions on the one hand to the Cameroonian national network, and on the other hand to neighbouring countries will be considered.
It is in this context that urban civil works, over a length of about 2 km, were undertaken. At the same time, the construction of a new beach house (Manhole Beach), for the landing of SAIL, began in Kribi in October 2017.
The construction of a new undersea cable lan- ding station in Kribi started in January 2018. This is an important link in the installation process of the cable system. With the coming into operation of SAIL, the telecommunications landscape in Cameroon will undergo a radical transformation.
FAR-REACHING IMPACTS
SAIL is a project that will benefit Cameroon, Africa and the rest of the world, as well. Owing to its strategic position it becomes an important cable. From the outset, it will connect Cameroon directly to America. Which is unprecedented for, until then, trade to that continent had to transit through Europe. Therefore, international access will be diversified and capacity multiplied.
Actually, the 6,000 km of undersea cable that will link Cameroon to Brazil provide an additio- nal capacity of 32 TB to make traffic really smooth, lead to a significant reduction in costs, and promote a multiplicity of electronic communi- cation solutions. The direct connection will reduce network latency, promote the develop- ment of universal broadband companies in Cameroon, and form a path of restoration for some cable systems, during a possible disaster recovery, thanks to the submarine resources implemented by the project.
In Africa, and specifically in Central Africa, SAIL will speed up the development and improvement of information and communication technology (ICTs) infrastructures, the promotion of learnings, as well as the sharing and transfer of skills. Job creation will follow through the implementation of new broadband service providers and electronic communications solutions.
On another level, the completion of the construc- tion of an undersea cable between Cameroon and Brazil will strengthen relations between the two States. The project will gradually position Cameroon as a business centre, a global hub for telecommunications and consolidate its status as an economic engine.
To summarize, we must remember that the overall objective of SAIL is to multiply, improve and secure the supply of services and broadband infrastruc- tures of Cameroon and Central Africa. Specifically, the South Atlantic Inter Link aims at modernizing and adapting the structure of the national broad- band network, as well as increasing the capacity of the international telecommunication services of Cameroon and the Central African sub-region to devote Cameroon’s Digital Sovereignty.
The implementation of SAIL comes in a context where the requirement for modernizing the broadband network, and the growth of Internet capacities of Cameroon and the Central African sub-region appear even more crucial n
LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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