Page 189 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 A PROSPECTIVE VISION
Regional development is a tool used by public authorities, essentially to implement spatial plan- ning by correcting natural distortions, or those related to development. This is done by the search for judicious distribution and as integrated as possible of men, production activities, infra- structure and equipment throughout the territory. It means targeting rational development of the terri- tory, equitable and integrated development of the regions in order to improve the environment and people’s living conditions.
As such, land use planning falls under the respon- sibility of the Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional Development, which took over from the Ministry of Planning, Development Programming and Spatial Planning. The Ministry is responsible for working out the general guidelines and deve- lopment strategies in the medium and long term, and their monitoring. Therefore, land use plan- ning is one of the core tasks of planning. The lat- ter is primarily concerned with spatial and physi- cal planning development, together with human planning development.
Located in the South-West Region, Ndian Division, the Bakassi Peninsula is an area of man- grove and coves large approximately 665 km2
with 40 000 inhabitants; its resources are fish, oil products and a large tourist potential. The penin- sula was the cause of conflict a between Cameroon and Nigeria, which led to the judg- ment of the International Court of Justice in The Hague on 10 October 2002. It is under this judg- ment which established the belonging of Bakassi to Cameroon, that Yaoundé is committed to mark its effective presence in the peninsula by conside- rable achievements. Thus since 2010, the govern- ment has mobilized over 20 billion CFA francs for 335 projects on electrification, hydraulics, school construction, health centres, roads, administrative buildings, radio and TV coverage.
Since the outbreak of war against the terrorist group Boko Haram, in May 2014, the Far-North Region has been paying the highest price in terms of human casualties, population displacement and destruction of property. To offset the heavy losses, the government, among other things had to make the Far-North Region the greatest benefi- ciary of land use planning projects.
The three-year emergency plan implemented by the Government for the period 2015-2018 in order to boost the growth, and the public invest- ment budget among others, keeps the Far-North region foremost in their priorities. The third com- ponent of the debt-reducing development

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