Page 19 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 Paul Biya was invested President of the Republic in 1982
Presidency of the Republic (October 1962); Director of the Cabinet of the Minister of Education (January 1964); Secretary General of the Ministry of National Education (July 1965); Director of the Cabinet of the Presidency of the Republic (December 1967); Secretary General of the Presidency of the Republic and Director of the Civil Cabinet (January 1968); Minister of State, Secretary General of the Presidency of the Republic (June 1970); Prime Minister from 30th June 1975 to 5th November 1982.
The population’s support to President Paul Biya during the political crisis at the beginning of the 1980’s is essential. Indeed, when the military coup against national security on 22nd August 1983 was announced, the great majority of Cameroonians lined up behind the new Head of State. Therefore, his predecessor was forced to step down from his position as Head of CNU, and was replaced by Paul Biya who was enthro- ned during the party conference on 14th September 1983 in Yaoundé. April 1984, the death throes of political crisis occurred when members of the presidential guard who tried to capture the palace were defeated and killed by the loyalists on 6th and 7th April.
The political view of Paul Biya is captured in his political essay entitled “Communal Liberalism” published in Marcel Fabre Editions, Lausanne in 1987. In the book, President Paul Biya announ- ced the establishment of multiparty system and
explained his choice of economic liberalism and private initiative while advocating national, fair distribution of the fruits of growth, social justice and emergence of culture based on inventiveness and harmonious coexistence of values specific to various communities which make up a Nation. Translated from French into English, German and Hebrew, the book reasserted moreover, the need to modernize the State and cooperate with other countries of the world. This view, visibly, will also lead to riots and suffering.
Among others, the new trend dwells on the idea of initiating legislative elections in 1983 with several candidates so as to bring variety likely to better represent the “real nation” within the political arena; the creation of CPDM (Cameroon People’s Democratic Movement) on 24th March 1985 in Bamenda; enactment on 19th December 1990 of the law relating to political parties and associa- tions, which restored multiparty system in Cameroon after 24 years of single party system. The election of Paul Biya as President of the Republic on 14th January1984, its re-election res- pectively on 24th April 1988, 11th October 1992, 12th October1997, 11th October 2004, 9th October 2011 and 7th October 2018 are milestones that enlighten as much on the man as his colossal work. President Paul Biya has been married since 23rd April 1994 to Mrs Chantal Biya after the death of his first wife. He has three children, including Franck Biya, Paul Biya Jr and Anastasie Brenda Eyenga Biya.
Mr Paul Biya has been awarded several decora- tions and honorary distinctions, including:
n Grand Master of the National Order (Republic of Cameroon)
n Grand-Croix de la Légion d’Honneur (French Republic)
n Great Commander of the Medal of St- Georges
(United Kingdom of Great-Britain and Northern Ireland)
n Grand-Cross, Special class (Federal Republic of Germany)
n Grand Collier of the Order of Ouissam Mohammadi
(Kingdom of Morocco)
n Great Commander of the Order of Nigeria (Federal Republic of Nigeria)
n Grand-Croix de l’Ordre du Mérite (Republic of Senegal)
n Commander of National Order of Tunisia
n Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of
Maryland (USA)
n Honorary Professor from the University of Beijing (People’s Republic of China).

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