Page 195 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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Created in 1974, FEICOM has been, for more than 40 years, the main tool of the State at the service of local development and decentralization. It is a Public Institution, with legal personality and a financially independent entity. FEICOM is under the technical supervision of MINDDEVEL and under the financial supervision of MINFI...
 Po Box : 718 - Yaoundé
Tel. (237) 222 222 728 Fax. (237) 222 231 759
The Constitution of 18 January 1996, which makes Cameroon a Decentralized Unitary State, provides in its article 55, paragraph 4, that the State shall ensure the development of all the Decentralized Territorial Communities on the basis of national solidarity, regional potential and interregional balance. The decentralization laws promulgated in 2004 reflect this principle by reinforcing it because they sufficiently high- light the “harmonious and balanced development of Communities”. These legislative principles lead FEICOM’s missions. FEICOM is managed by a Board of Directors which has 12 members including 4 Mayors, and includes an Executive Management, 10 Regional Agencies and an Antenna in Kribi; it also works daily to face the new challenges of decentralization and to contri- bute effectively to attaining the State’s develop- ment objectives locally. These objectives stem from Vision 2035: “Cameroon: an emerging, democratic and united country in its diversity”. At operational level, these objectives are reflected in the Growth and Employment Strategy Paper (GESP), which makes the deepening of decentra- lization, a central tenet of the process of reform and modernization of the State.
FEICOM supports the 360 municipalities and 14 Urban Councils in Cameroon for the sustainable provision of basic services and the development of local economies. The organization supports these Decentralized Territorial Authorities in des- igning, financing and implementing their deve- lopment projects. For this purpose, two main channels are used. It involves the direct provision of financial resources to municipalities and the financing of municipal and intercommunal invest- ment projects. The way in which FEICOM ope- rates gives the impression that it is an instrument of local authorities’ solidarity. Its resources come from the State. They are mainly derived from local taxation, notably the Additional Municipal
Taxes (CAC) and part of the other Communal Taxes subject to Equalization. These resources represent more than 80% of the revenues of the institution and of most of the municipalities.
Pursuant to Law N0 2009/018 of December 2009 on local taxation, the distribution of resources is governed by Decree N0 2011/1731 / PM of 18 July 2011 laying down the procedures for centralization, distribu- tion and repayment of the proceeds of Communal Taxes Equalization (ICSP). The distri- bution is made quarterly by order of the Minister in charge of Decentralization, on the basis of the recovery figures provided by FEICOM. The population size is the main distribution criterion. The most populated municipalities receive more resources. The municipalities that produce more resources share them with the less fortunate, in the name of national solidarity. However, to reduce certain disparities, another equity criterion has been introduced. It consists in retaining 20% of the total mass of resources to distribute it equally to all the municipalities. The rest of the envelope is redistributed in proportion to the size of the population. The introduction of a 20% mini- mum operating deduction has substantially impro- ved the budgets of several municipalities.
From 2011 to 2017, FEICOM has centralized and donated to the Councils and Urban Communities, under equalization resources, an overall amount of 496 491 775 642FCFA. It should be noted that these resources remained on an uptrend over the period. The average annual growth rate of these resources is 4%, higher than the population growth rate of the Cameroonian population, which stands at 2.6%.
In addition, when allocating resources to Local Authorities, a levy of 4% of the total mass is made
for the Border and / or Stricken municipalities. >>>

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