Page 196 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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The funds are mobilized by decision of the Minister in charge of Decentralization, who judges the appropriateness of funding. It is on this reserve of 4% that in case of accident or disaster, infrastructures or equipment can be built or rehabilitated by FEICOM in favour of the vic- tim municipality. Similarly, other projects and pro- grammes may be carried out in the border and / or stricken municipalities as part of the manage- ment of this fund. The application of the principle of solidarity is thus manifested.
On the instructions of the Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralization, a Rapid Impact Programme (PIR) was formulated and finan- ced by FEICOM in 2017. The 4.7-billion CFA F programme, is intended for the 47 municipalities of the Far-North exposed to climate change and the harmful effects of cross-border insecurity. It is an emergency financial support that is part of the measures taken by the Government to strengthen the resilience of the Municipalities in that part of the national territory. Its business plan includes the mobilization of FEICOM’s budget dedicated to communal investments of 3,995,000,000 CFA F and the contribution of the 4% reserve account for the Border and Stricken Municipalities, of 705,000,000 FCFA. By way of distribution, each of the 47 Communes benefited from a 100,000 million (one hundred million) FCFA financing for the realization of quick impact social infrastructures, enabling basic services to be provided sustainably to an exponential growing population by reason of a great flow of refugees and displaced persons.
The 105 projects proposed by the Mayors under the PIR involve four priority sectors: education (construction and equipping of schools), water supply and sanitation (construction of wells, bore- holes, mini drinking water networks and latrines), electrification (installation of solar kits and public lighting) and health (construction, extension or rehabilitation of health centres). Beyond this one- off support, during the period from 1 January 2011 to 31 March 2018, FEICOM granted financing amounting to 131,604,596,868 CFA F, for the realization of 1,736 projects in 366 Municipalities and Urban Communities.
Financing was mainly in the infrastructure sector and purchase of equipment, in which the agency injected 80.4 billion FCFA during the period under review, representing 37% of the total number of projects financed. Education, training and research have received funding of 19 billion FCFA over the same period. It should also be noted that the decentralized cooperation sector has benefited from the largest number of funded projects (41.8%), for a total amount of 6.3 billion FCFA.
We should point out that FEICOM supports pro- jects in all sectors where competences have been transferred to the Municipalities, including:
• Basic facilities: drinking water, sanitation, energy, roads, various tracks and networks, struc- tures and crossings, school infrastructures, health centres, reforestation operations;
• Socio-collective facilities: buildings housing local public services, socio-cultural spaces (library, cybercafé, museum, multipurpose com- munal hall, etc.), social and sporting facilities;
• Market service projects: markets, warehouses and shopping centres, bus stations, resting places, municipal tourist establishments, slaugh- terhouses and other agricultural and forestry pro- cessing units, mining and quarrying units;
• Income-generating infrastructure projects: party halls, communal housing, built-up areas, developments, communal forests, leisure parks, tourist sites, agricultural projects;
• Utility equipment: liaison vehicles, trucks, public works and agricultural machinery, small communal equipment, industrial production equipment;
• Overdraft facilities: municipal counterparts, miscellaneous invoices, salary arrears, fees, cul- tural events, capacity building of the elected and communal staff, cooperation or study missions.

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