Page 202 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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To achieve these objectives, authorities are car- rying out several programmes, in collaboration with development partners: UN-Habitat, the World Bank, the ILO, and the French Development Agency.
However, despite these advances, the path to inclusive and equitable cities remains long because it stumbles over inadequate training and information of the population and town coun- cillors, but especially against the inadequacy of financial resources.
With an urbanization rate of about 52% in the last census, Cameroonian cities are experiencing exponential population growth, completely out of phase with the indispensable increase in infra- structure, material and economic resources for their social integration. Similarly, at macro-econo- mic level, the 4.8% growth rate recorded by Cameroon in 2016 is not appropriate to impro- ving the living conditions of the population, most of whom live below the poverty line. This situa- tion, coupled with unemployment and underem- ployment, leads to the worsening of urban social scourges such as: addiction of young people to alcohol and drug abuse, organized crime, rapes, cybercrime, prostitution and STDs.
To deal with these evils which seriously jeopar- dize the preservation of urban security, the State of Cameroon adopted a sharing mechanism for actions by the different urban actors as part of its development strategy of the urban sub-sector.
Regarding preventive measures of urban social scourges and moral rearmament of youth, a few youth outreach sessions on the dangers of social scourges are held with the ministries concerned (Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Public Health), and actors of the civil society (CSOs and NGOs).
In terms of social development of the disadvanta- ged areas, the authorities proceed to the fulfil- ment of a number of projects of community inte- rest through the HLI approach (High Labor Intensity) of the precarious areas in towns, the paving of access roads and drinking water sup- ply systems; the carrying out of a study on the social development in Yaoundé and Douala, and a programming study to improve the access to basic services in some sub-structured areas.
On management and socioeconomic integration of troubled young people, more than 500 youths have been trained in urban sector trades (produc- tion of local building materials, manufacturing and installation of cobblestones, peri-urban agri- culture, urban horticulture, cable Tv, etc.) the Government provides common materials and equipment to support socioeconomic integration of the young trained people.
Access to basic urban services is high up among the strategies identified by the Growth and Employment Strategy Paper (GESP). In practical terms, the rate of access to infrastructures and basic services in Cameroon remains unsatisfactory.
 Allowing all Cameroonian an access to medical facilities

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