Page 21 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 GEOGRAPHICAL SITUATION
From the bottom of the Gulf of Guinea to Lake Chad, Cameroon stretches over a little more than 1200 km; it is shaped like a triangle with a base of 800 km for 475,422 km2 surface area. It is stretched out from latitude 20 to 130 north and 80 to 160 east longitude. Cameroon shares borders with: the Federal Republic of Nigeria in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the south-west, Guinea Equatorial, Gabon and Congo in the south, Central African Republic and Chad in the east, and Lake Chad in the north. Located at the junction of the West, Central and North African geographical regions, Cameroon is the meeting point of three of the most important regions of Africa: Guinea coast, with its black tribes, western Sudan, whose people are the Fulanis and Arabs, and Congo populated with the Bantus.
RELIEF AND VEGETATION
RELIEF
Cameroon is unique by virtue of its extraordi- nary contrasting relief which offers both hills and valleys. The ridge crossing obliquely the country from the south-west to the north-east (from the depth of the Gulf of Guinea to the extreme-east of Adamawa) is the most notewor- thy element of this whole.
This could be divided into two distinct regions: the Adamawa plateau and West high lands.
The Adamawa plateau is an enormous lifted and faulted shelf of 1100 m average height on which you find dominant flat surface areas. Great basalt lava flows had poured out on this horst and were followed with trachitic and trachypho- nolic protrusions. It is nearly 400m higher than the Benue plain through the cliff of Ngaoundere and descends gently to the south.
As for west high lands, they are made up of a group of plateaus mingled with deep valleys on which you often meet volcanic mountainous mas- sifs. These volcanic massifs are the highest moun- tain tops in the region, among them we have: The Mount Cameroon or “chariots of gods” 4 095 m, Mount Oku 3 008 m, the Mount Manengouba 2 490 m, the Bamboutos Mountains 2 740 m.
In the north of Cameroon ridge, you find low lands composed of two units: the isolated plains and massifs. Chad plains slope gently down from 550 m to 280 m from the Mandara pied- mont to the River Logone borders exhibiting their Yaérés (large flooded spaces during rainy sea- sons). These immense areas full of inselbergs holes surround Maroua.
The floodplains of the River Logone lead to the Chari Delta bogs. Contrasting with this monotonous
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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