Page 215 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 INTRODUCTION
Despite adverse cyclical developments observed in the CEMAC sub-region, the Cameroonian eco- nomy showed itself resilient in 2016; its growth rate stood at 4.5%. The evolution of activity is dri- ven by the tertiary, which contributes 2.3 points to real GDP growth while the primary and secon- dary sectors contribute each for 0.9 point.
For the year 2016, the primary sector’s GDP grew by 6.8% against 5.3% in 2015. The sector represents 15.3% of GDP and contributes 0.9 point to growth against 0.7 point in 2015. By the end of 2017, its GDP would grow by 6.2%.
The development strategy remains focused on: improving yields; the competitiveness of sectors; modernizing the infrastructures; supervising the producers; sustainable management of natural resources; as well as research and innovation.
EXPORT CROPS
The sub-sector of agriculture includes the indus- trial and export-based agriculture and food agri- culture. Production in the industrial and export agriculture increases by 12.5% in 2016. This evolution is linked to: the modernization of pro- duction techniques; the use of improved plant material; the start of production of new cocoa plantations; optimizing the use of production
lines; the granting of tax and customs facilities for the import of equipment and production material.
COCOA
In 2016, cocoa production increased signifi- cantly by 15%, having been at 2.2% in 2015, to stand at 330,412 tons. This evolution is due to the start of production of new cocoa planta- tions created as part of the programme to restore cocoa and coffee industries. Between 2011 and 2013, the programme has distributed 28,943,793 improved plants, 101,838 pods and 1,796 kg of cocoa beans. Exports dropped by 0.6%.
To increase production, the actions focused on: the distribution of 7,341,100 cocoa plants; the crea- tion of 276 ha of plantations, 1.5 ha of lumber yards and 7.5 ha of seed fields; maintenance and rehabilitation of 6,118 ha of production fields, 49.6 ha of seed fields and 3.5 ha of lumber yards; the distribution of 171,322 cocoa pods, 923,090 bags of fungicides, 74,102 litres of insecticides and 635 tons of chemical fertilizers.
In the first half year 2017, cocoa beans exports were up 35.3% year-on-year.
COFFEE
In 2016, Arabica coffee production was 7024 tons, up 8% on 2015. Robusta coffee, for its
AGRICULTURE
LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
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