Page 235 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
P. 235

Cameroon has the second massif forest in Africa. The forest area in the country is estimated at 22 million hectares, which is 46.3% of the national territory. The exploitable area repre- sents 79.6% and consists of protected areas and production forests. The government's actions remain focused on:
n The development
and renewal of forest resource;
n Securing and valuing
wildlife resources in protected areas;
n The valorization of timber
and non-timber forest resources.
The vegetation in Cameroon is a summary of that of Africa where one finds forest, savannah and steppe in various types.
The thick forest, otherwise called the great forest, stretches from the Gulf of Guinea to Eastern Africa. It completely covers the southern part of the country up to the Adamawa plateau.
However, the forest does not have a uniform appearance throughout the Cameroonian territory.
Therefore, we have subdivisions in keeping with the neighbouring ocean, relief, paleography, cli- mate and edaphic factors.
Along the coast from the Nigerian borders, down the Atlantic coast and running east along the sou- thern borders of Cameroon extends a dense rain forest. It is classified into three categories as fol- lows: the coastal forest, Atlantic forest and the Dja forest.
Savannah is a type of vegetation adapted to the tropical climate with contrasted seasons: a dry and a rainy season (1,400 mm annual rain- fall and at least 3 months of drought). Cameroonian savannahs can be classified into three categories including:
n The sudano-guinean shrubby
and wooded savannahs in the Adamawa;
n The woody savannahs
and mid-sudanian dry clear forest;
n The sudano-sahelian woody savannahs in the Benue basin.
Steppes are types of deteriorated shrubby savan- nahs. Their arborescent flora is scattered. The Far-North has 2 types of steppes:

   233   234   235   236   237