Page 236 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                 n The sahelo-sudanian steppes; n The sahelo-saharan steppes.
FOREST MANAGEMENT AND EXPLOITATION
In 2016, the classified forestry potential covers an area of 8.5 million hectares, an increase by 16.7% compared to 2015. This increase is attri- butable to the classification of 31 communal forests with an area of 887,082 ha, and the management of 156,672 ha of protected areas and 178,328 ha for wildlife.
The volume of legal timber cut was 2,393,178 m3, down 16.1% from 2015. The decline was due to adverse weather conditions in the produc- tion areas, which made the cutting sites inacces- sible and impassable. However, 189 annual operating certificates were issued for an area of 29,145.5 ha of community forests and 53 annual operating permits granted for 24,197 ha of communal forests.
Exported quantities of logs fell by 11.5% follo- wing the decline in demand from Asia. Sawn wood exports amounted to 663.8 thousand m3, up 5.7%. Exports of special products (Ebony, Pygeum, Yohimbe and Voacanga) increased from 5,011 tons in 2015 to stand at 1,280 tons. Since 2016, an export certificate is requi- red from operators for special products.
In the first half of 2017 and year-on-year, log pro- duction fell by 24.1%. Log exports were 54.5% up and logged lumber exports 13% up.
In 2016, revenues recovered from logging are esti- mated at 23 billion, up 12.7% on 2015. The annual forest fee (RFA) represents 55.5% and the logging tax 17.9%. Riparian communities and muni- cipalities received 4.6 billion for development pro- jects. Public auctions and fines yielded 322 million to the public purse, against 1.4 billion a year ago.
REFORESTATION OF FOREST RESOURCES
In 2016, the area of reforested forests increased by 5.9% compared to 2015 to stand at 27,148.5 ha, mainly as a result of the planting and regeneration of 1,510.5 ha of forests.
VALORIZATION OF WILDLIFE RESOURCES AND PROTECTED AREAS
In 2016, protected areas totalled 9,595,548 ha, or 20.2% of the national territory. The num- ber of hunting tourists is 90,994 compared to 116,731 in 2015. This tourist activity was mainly limited by cross-border insecurity in the East and Far-North. Revenues generated by acti- vities in the wildlife sub-sector are estimated at 641.3 million, up by 19.2%.
The government furthered its actions through: the development of 13 management plans for hun- ting areas with a total area of 930,000 ha, increasing their number to 23; the organization of high impact operations in hunting areas and protected areas as part of an anti-poaching stra- tegy; the promotion of ecotourism, with the construction of ecologies in several national parks.
VALORIZATION OF WOOD
AND WOODLESS FOREST RESOURCES
In 2016, the quantities of wood exported are estimated at 1.3 million m3. For woodless forest products, 5,117.5 tons were exported for a value of 5.8 billion. Besides, 10 170 tons of special products worth 11.5 billion were sold locally. The government supports riparian commu- nities in the management of existing forest areas and reforestation for the sustainable production of wood energy. Besides, the training of carpentry craftsmen in the drying technique of making furni- ture from falling wood continues.
 WORDINGS
PRODUCTIONS
Logs
EXPORTS
Logs
Sawn timbers
Plywood
Veneer
2013 2014 2015 2016 2016
(a) (b) (c)
VARIATIONS (%)
Production and exports
in the forest sector (in thousands of m3)
1st hyr
1st hyr
2017
(d) (b/a) (d/c)
  2351 2747 2851 2393 1400- 1062- 16,1 -24,1
617,8 803,1 911,5 807 417,2 644,5 11,5 54,5
519,5 584,8 627,7 663,8 325,8 368 5,7 13
11,5 5,6 4,7 4 2,1 0,9 -14,9 -57,1
20,3 19,2 23,6 30,4 12,9 16,2 28,8 25,6
     LES ATOUTS ECONOMIQUES DU CAMEROUN
Sources : DGD, MINFOF,



























































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