Page 239 - Atouts Economiques Cameroun-2019-GB
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                Pending the results of this important assessment planned for 2019, previous assessments of Cameroon's efforts to protect biodiversity show high level of performance. It should be noted that in terms of conservation, 20.8% of terrestrial pro- tected area coverage has been established and exceeds the overall target of 17%. Over the last ten years, significant progress has been made through the Inter-ministerial Committee for the Environment and the Environment Brigade, in order to reduce the negative impact of major structuring projects on Nature.
In the field of nature protection, there are many victories recorded by the authorities, who have been permanently on the ground for checks. During the 2011-2017 period, one thousand and seven Environmental Compliance Certificates were issued to companies that carried out environmental and social impact studies / audits. 11,913 envi- ronmental inspections were conducted to make sure that these companies comply with the terms of their Environmental Management Plans.
Regarding waste management, 433 environmen- tal permits were issued for the management of dif- ferent types of waste, while 3,100 tonnes of non- biodegradable plastic packaging were seized. Major initiatives have been undertaken in the context of the fragile Sahel and mangrove ecosys- tems, which made it possible to restore some 14,500 hectares of degraded sites, the planting of nearly 2.2 million trees and the production of
and the distribution of 79,500 improved stoves to reduce pressures on forest resources.
Another illustration of the government's willin- gness about environmental safeguard is the crea- tion of several areas selected for the conservation of biological diversity. Cameroon's biodiversity conservation policy dates back to the 1930’s and has resulted in the establishment of a net- work of protected areas. Therefore, the country has a rich network of 104 protected areas, inclu- ding 33 conservation areas divided into 19 national parks, 6 wildlife reserves, 5 sanctuaries, 3 zoos and 71 wildlife exploitation areas spread over 45 areas of hunting interest and 26 areas of hunting interest with community management.
There are also 13 protected areas currently being classified. The nature of ecosystems and the nature of resources to be conserved or exploi- ted has led to the classification of protected areas by degree of protection. Thus, there are: national parks; wildlife reserves; sanctuaries; areas of hunting interest; zoos. Protected areas in Cameroon have a total area of more than 9.5 million hectares, or about 20.12% of the national territory, which is above the global threshold of 17% for land areas. Other protected area classi- fication initiatives are underway. They cover a total area of more than 901 884 hectares, and represent 1.8% of the national territory. In the long term, the total area of protected areas would be around 22% of the territory n
 A great number of instruments and tools were adopted for biodiversity in Cameroon

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